The Chinese Communist Party, its leadership, its cadres and its members fear no difficulties or hardships. In the autumn of 1933, the Guomindang leader Chiang Kai-shek launched a huge attack against the … In theory this made them more open to attack – in practice, they were more difficult to find in the open spaces on China. His troops were really escorting the Reds while pretending to attack them and his airforce and artillery took care not to bomb or shell them effectively. One of history’s great journeys began in October 1934 and ended a year later after covering a distance variously estimated at between 3,000 and 8,000 miles across China. The Communist Party. Without the Long March, how could the broad masses have learned so quickly about the existence of the great truth which the Red Army embodies? Learn more about the March on Washington in this article. The Long Telegram: Historical Significance The ‘Long Telegram’ was sent by George Kennan from the United States Embassy in Moscow to Washington, where it was received on February 22nd 1946. Reporting to the party at Wayaopao in December 1935, Mao Zedong paused from discussion of military tactics to explain why the Long March was a victory rather than a failure: “As you know, comrades, for almost a year and a half the three main contingents of the Chinese Red Army have carried out great shifts of position. They were did not welcome the arrival of the Red Army into an area they effectively ruled.. By October 1935, what was left of the original 87,000 Red Army soldiers reached their goal of Yanan. Details of skirmishes and occasional battles were exaggerated for effect and some of the battles were simply made up. Mao said the distance covered was 8,000 miles, but the figure now most often cited is 6,000 miles, meaning that the marchers covered an average of about 16 miles a day. The march had taken 368 days. The Red Army did not only have to contend with the Guomindang. Let us ask, has history ever known a long march to equal ours? Without the Communist Party, a long march of this kind would have been inconceivable. As a remarkable feat of determination and endurance it became a bulwark of Chinese pride and patriotism, skilfully exploited as such by Mao and his circle. Braun planned for the Red Army to march in a straight line. Whoever questions our ability to lead the revolutionary war will fall into the morass of opportunism.”. The arduous fighting retreat forced out anyone who was not fully committed to the communism ideal, and was not a capable soldier. Close to 30,000 people, mainly wounded and women, were left behind to the vengeance of the Nationalists. The difficulties the marchers encountered were largely the result of incompetent decisions by their own leaders, especially Mao. The Communists fell out with the Nationalist Party, the Guomindang, which established a national government under General Chiang Kai-shek. In the Battle of Xiang, the Red Army lost 45,000 men – over 50% of their fighting force. The bitter struggles of the Long March, which was completed by only one-tenth of the force that left Jiangxi, would come to represent a significant episode in the history of the Communist Party of China, and would seal the personal … Recently, however, the Maoist version of events has come under fierce attack. The Chinese Communist Party was founded in 1921 and ten years later set up a Chinese Soviet Republic in the Jiangxi province of southern China, some way north of Canton. The Long March began the ascent to power of Mao Zedong, whose leadership during the retreat gained him the support of the members of the party. It was Zhu De who organised the escape from Jiangxi and frustrated the attacks of the pursuing Guomindang forces. Is that correct? Speaking of the Long March, one may ask, “What is its significance?” We answer that the Long March is the first of its kind in the annals of history, that it is a manifesto, a propaganda force, a seeding machine. However, some people say that the Central Red Army has failed. 500,000 Guomindang troops surrounded Jiangxi in an attempt to strangulate the Communists. The leaders, including Mao, did very little marching, incidentally; they were carried along in litters. What was the significance of the Long March The Long March was the effect of from HISTORY 101 at Bronx High School of Science Less than 10,000 men had survived the march. For 12 months we were under daily reconnaissance and bombing from the skies by scores of planes, while on land we were encircled and pursued, obstructed and intercepted by a huge force of several hundred thousand men, and we encountered untold difficulties and dangers on the way; yet by using our two legs we swept across a distance of more than 20,000 li [approximately 1,500 kilometres] through the length and breadth of 11 provinces.

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+ How we made $200K with 4M downloads.

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