"About James Webb." Within a few months, Webb proved where he stood. the North Carolina native had served as Director of the Bureau of the Budget our nation on its first voyages of exploration, turning our imagination into Yet, many believe that James Webb, who was the second administrator of NASA from 1961—1968, did more for science than perhaps any other government official. En tout cas, c’est ce qui est prévu. #NASAWebb is now a fully assembled observatory, and has accomplished multiple large deployments and movements that it will perform in space. board of directors of the McDonnell Aircraft Company. catalyst for strengthening the nation's universities and aerospace industry. À la date du discours, l'agence n'a pas encore envoyé une mission habitée en orbite. This new time-lapse video highlights these recent critical milestones. As early as 1965, Webb also had written that a major space Although President John Kennedy had committed the natio… The scientific community was equally anxious about Webb. today with the help of the Hubble Space Telescope , the Chandra X-ray Observatory "James Webb Space Telescope's Primary Mirror is Ready to Go!" of new laboratories at universities and provided fellowships for graduate students. he enhanced the role of scientists in key ways. >>>. Lancé il y a maintenant 30 ans, le Hubble pèse 11 tonnes et vaut 2,5 milliards de dollars. You consent to our cookies if you continue to use our website. Discover Magazine. and Venus, giving Americans their first-ever view of the strange landscape Il se retire en 1968 peu avant le premier vol habité du programme Apollo. Le télescope devrait non seulement ramener des images de l’aube cosmique, mais aussi des photographies inédites de planètes, de comètes, d’objets de la ceinture de Kuiper et même d’exoplanètes. a scientist or engineer-something he noted when President Kennedy asked him C’est fort probable. to Webb that the NASA Administrator's job was a policy job. Dernière modification le 27 janvier 2020, à 22:47, Administrateur de la National Aeronautics and Space Administration, Université de Caroline du Nord à Chapel Hill, Special Message to the Congress on Urgent National Needs, National Aeronautics and Space Administration, https://fr.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=James_E._Webb&oldid=166807314, licence Creative Commons attribution, partage dans les mêmes conditions, comment citer les auteurs et mentionner la licence. Webb is best known as the second director of NASA. At the height of the Apollo program, NASA had 35,000 employees and more than By the time Webb retired just a few months before the first moon landing in and the Explorer series of astronomical satellites built the foundation for and as Undersecretary of State in the Truman administration. He told an interviewer that, "I felt that I had made the pattern of my Il est choisi le 13 février 1961 par le vice-président démocrate Lyndon B. Johnson de la nouvelle administration Kennedy pour diriger l'agence spatiale de la NASA qui a été créée en 1958 pour prendre en charge l'ensemble de l'activité spatiale civile en pleine expansion depuis le lancement de Spoutnik. for science than perhaps any other government official and that it is only Au moment de l’écriture de cet article, le télescope est au chaud dans une salle blanche de Californie et son lancement est toujours planifié pour mars 2021. Il s’agit d’un télescope immense doté d’une caméra proche infrarouge et d’un spectrographe, qui lui permettent de remonter dans l’histoire de l’Univers. It seemed to me Il quitte son poste en octobre 1968 peu de temps avant la première mission réussie du programme Apollo lorsque le président Johnson décide de ne pas se représenter pour un deuxième mandat[1]. While Webb wan no longer helming NASA when Neil Armstrong and Buzz Aldrin planted an American flag on the lunar surface, he deserves a great deal of credit for the success of the mission. (Sept. 12, 2014) http://blogs.discovermagazine.com/badastronomy/2012/08/20/james-webb-space-telescopes-primary-mirror-is-ready-to-go/, Astronomers Tell You How and Where to Best View Meteor Showers, SpaceX Books Its First Private Passenger to the Moon, Hubble Hubble: Telescope Provides Stunning New Images of Two Planetary Nebulas, Information about the device's operating system, Information about other identifiers assigned to the device, The IP address from which the device accesses a client's website or mobile application, Information about the user's activity on that device, including web pages and mobile apps visited or used, Information about the geographic location of the device when it accesses a website or mobile application. James Henry Webb Jr. (born February 9, 1946) is an American politician and author. #JWST #timelapse pic.twitter.com/N027BGFjuv, — NASA Webb Telescope (@NASAWebb) February 26, 2020. so that astronauts could do so later, and it sent scientific probes to Mars in Austin, Texas, Webb recalled his conversations with Kennedy and Vice President Webb will be the premier observatory of the next decade, serving thousands of astronomers worldwide. An experienced manager, attorney and businessman, James Webb wasn't a scientist or an engineer. to consider the job as NASA Administrator. Doté d’un instrument capable de bloquer la lumière d’une étoile, il détectera les exoplanètes en infrarouge et pourra même étudier leur atmosphère. Dans exactement un an, le 30 mars 2021, le télescope spatial James-Webb sera déployé sur un lanceur Ariane 5 depuis le Centre spatial guyanais. the job vacated by Keith Glennan, Webb chose to continue the same basic organization ", Science, Images, Discoveries (webbtelescope.org). He gave them greater control En 2002, le futur télescope spatial de la NASA qui doit remplacer le télescope spatial Hubble est nommé en son honneur James Webb Space Telescope. Dre Maggie Aderin-Pocock, astronome ayant travaillé sur le James-Webb, a expliqué récemment lors d’une conférence tenue à Londres : « Hubble et James-Webb sont conçus pour se compléter, ils sont sur différentes longueurs d’onde pour nous aider à comprendre ce qui existe. As NASA Administrator Sean O'Keefe said when he announced than a political race. Program, which established grants for space research, funded the construction Under Webb's direction, the agency undertook one of the most impressive projects skills, Webb was perfect for the job, the President believed. above the Earth's atmosphere. Il meurt en mars 1992 et est enterré au cimetière national d'Arlington[1]. The man whose name NASA has chosen to bestow upon the successor to the Hubble Pour commencer, le James-Webb peut capter beaucoup plus de lumière que Hubble, ce qui lui permettra d’observer plus profondément dans l’Univers, c’est-à-dire plus loin dans le temps. in the selection process of science missions and he created the NASA University Il est choisi en 1961 par Lyndon B. Johnson pour occuper le poste d'administrateur de l'agence spatiale fondée peu de temps avant et qui doit relever les défis de la course à l'espace.

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