Unlike many entrepreneurs of the time who were nonconformist, he was a member of the Church of England. He developed mills in which the whole process of yarn manufacture was carried on by one machine and this was further complemented by a system in which labour was divided, greatly improving efficiency and increasing profits. Patience died in 1756, and then in 1761 Arkwright, aged 29, married Margaret Biggins. He was the first to develop factories housing both mechanised carding and spinning operations.[a].

He maintained a dominant position in the textile industry despite the rescinding of his comprehensive patent of 1775. The case dragged on in court until 1785, when it was finally settled against him on the grounds that his specifications were deficient: the court had also heard assertions that the spinning frame was actually the invention of Arkwright's employee John Kay, or of Thomas Highs, Kay's previous employer. Arkwright made improvements to this machine and in 1775 took out a patent for a new carding engine, which converted raw cotton to a continuous skein prior to spinning. They had three children, of whom only Susannah survived to adulthood. Announcing our NEW encyclopedia for Kids! Public opinion, however, was bitterly hostile to exclusive patents, and in 1781 Arkwright initiated legal proceedings to assert his rights. Nonetheless, Arkwright was knighted in 1786 and by the time of his death on 3 August 1792, Arkwright had established factories in Derbyshire, Staffordshire, Lancashire and Scotland, and was a wealthy man. Sir Richard Arkwright, (born Dec. 23, 1732, Preston, Lancashire, Eng.—died Aug. 3, 1792, Cromford, Derbyshire), textile industrialist and inventor whose use of power-driven machinery and employment of a factory system of production were perhaps more important than his inventions. Money was not available to send him to school, but his cousin Ellen taught him to read and write.

[9] Arkwright died at Rock House, Cromford, on 3 August 1792, aged 59, leaving a fortune of £500,000. Most of its colonies, especially those in Asia and the Americas, provided England with resources that brought it wealth: silk, tobacco, sugar, gold and cotton, just to name a few. Find out more about how the BBC is covering the. His organizational skills earned him the accolade "father of the modern industrial factory system,"[1] notably through the methods developed in his mill at Cromford, Derbyshire (now preserved as part of the Derwent Valley Mills World Heritage Site). Arkwright's fortunes continued to rise and he constructed a horse-driven spinning mill at Preston - the first of many. They had a son, Richard Arkwright Junior, who was born the same year. His new carding machine was patented in 1775. After establishing the mill at Cromford, Arkwright returned to Lancashire and took up a lease of the Birkacre mill at Chorley, which was to become a catalyst for the town's growth into one of the most important industrialised towns of the Industrial Revolution. [10][11], Textile entrepreneur; developer of the spinning frame (known as the water frame), For other people named Richard Arkwright, see, "A castle that might just pay for itself has come to the market in one of England's most beautiful areas", The Cromford Mills Creative Cluster and World Heritage Site Gateway Project, Derbyshire, Step up and see where your talent could take you, Richard Arkwright 1732–1792 Inventor of the Water Frame, Richard Arkwright The Father of the Modern Factory System, The New Student's Reference Work/Arkwright, Sir Richard, Gen. Johnson Saving Officer from Tomahawk, Miravan Breaking Open the Tomb of his Ancestors, Amalgamated Association of Beamers, Twisters and Drawers (Hand and Machine), Amalgamated Association of Operative Cotton Spinners, Amalgamated Textile Warehousemen's Association, General Union of Lancashire and Yorkshire Warp Dressers' Association, Lancashire Amalgamated Tape Sizers' Friendly Society, North East Lancashire Amalgamated Weavers' Association, Northern Counties Textile Trades Federation, United Textile Factory Workers' Association, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Richard_Arkwright&oldid=983486215, Wikipedia pending changes protected pages, Articles with unsourced statements from August 2014, Articles with unsourced statements from August 2018, Wikipedia articles incorporating a citation from the 1911 Encyclopaedia Britannica with Wikisource reference, Wikipedia articles incorporating a citation from The American Cyclopaedia, Wikipedia articles incorporating a citation from The American Cyclopaedia with a Wikisource reference, Wikipedia articles with SNAC-ID identifiers, Wikipedia articles with SUDOC identifiers, Wikipedia articles with WORLDCATID identifiers, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License. The spinning frame was a significant advance over Hargreaves's spinning jenny, in that very little training was required to operate the machinery, which produced a strong yarn suitable for warp threads.

Sir Richard Arkwright, (born Dec. 23, 1732, Preston, Lancashire, Eng.—died Aug. 3, 1792, Cromford, Derbyshire), textile industrialist and inventor whose use of power-driven machinery and employment of a factory system of production were perhaps more important than his inventions.



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