Fill in your details below or click an icon to log in: You are commenting using your account. Jury’s should also take into account the age and gender of the witness.

Elizabeth Loftus went on to explain that jury’s that are unaware of memory distortions will tend to decide their verdict from their ‘gut feeling’.

Third, time estimates is a phenomenon in which an eyewitness overestimates how long a time frame an event takes place over. Word Count: 3944 Eyewitness Testimony. As mentioned earlier reconstructive memory is another one of the many psychological factors that has an effect on eyewitness testimony. On the other hand, a study carried out by Yullie and Cutshall (1986) (as cited in the article Eyewitness Testimony Psychology) contradicts Clifford and Scott’s findings.

Related Links An experiment conducted by Johnson and Scott (1976) as cited … (2018, Jan 03). Factors known to reduce the reliability and validity of eyewitness testimonies are accuracy-confidence correlation, stress effects, time estimates, cross-race bias, post-event information, and presentation format. Eyewitness Testimony Psychology research.


Memory recall of a real-life situation is accurate even after a few months and the loaded questions do have as much of an effect as they do in laboratory experiments (e. g Loftus & Palmer, 1974) (Eyewitness Testimony Psychology).

Parliamentary democracies ruled by multiparty cabinets make foreign policy decisions in a fairly unique institutional context, complicated by the politics of coalition government. The power of misleading questions is demonstrated in the above study by Loftus & Palmer. The research gathered by Yullie and Cutshall was that of a real-life situation hence making their data more accurate. om/encyclopedia_761578303_5/Memory_(psychology). In order to ensure that information provided by elderly people is accurate it is advisable not to expose them to misleading questions as their memories are easily distorted. An experiment conducted by Johnson and Scott (1976) as cited in Loftus et al (56) illustrated this phenomenon. Due to this males and females capitulate an equal ability to identify criminals and give an eyewitness testimony.

Pray with me: Lord, I want to be an overcomer. They ignore the psychology behind remembering an event. Another study has shown that approximately 100 people who were convicted have been exonerated by forensic evidence. Eyewitness Testimony has been a controversial topic in court cases for as long as I can remember. And they did not love their lives so much that they were afraid to die. (2003). Email written: 1/22/18. At the age of twenty-one, it is studied that the mind. It was found that 33% of the participants in the ‘bloody letter opener’ condition identified the culprit correctly and 49% of the participants in the greasy pen condition identified the culprit correctly. A major limitation of the research investigated is that majority of the studies done in relation to eyewitness testimony are laboratory studies. This is because the eyewitness will be less likely to recognize the criminal and an innocent individual may be held guilty. The event was of a shooting just outside a gun shop in Canada.

Fourth, cross-race bias occurs when eyewitnesses are more accurate when identifying members of their own race as opposed to members of other races.

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