The logo has a patriotic flair, with a flag behind NASA 905 and the shuttle replica Independence. The science and space learning center was honored to display this reminder of the Space Shuttle Program. This landing marked the first time that an Orbiter landed on a concrete runway. You can see an artifact of this mission up close inside shuttle replica Independence’s payload bay in Independence Plaza. On Sunday, 04 July 1982, retro-fire of the Orbital Maneuvering System (OMS) engines started Columbia on its way back to Earth. Visitors can enter the shuttle replica Independence, mounted on top of the historic and original NASA 905 shuttle carrier aircraft, and then explore the giant plane. The two-man crew consisted of Commander Thomas K. Mattingly, Jr. and Pilot Henry W. Hartsfield who were both making their first Shuttle orbital mission. STS-4 marked the last time that a Shuttle would fly with a crew of just two. It is the only shuttle mounted on an SCA that the public can go inside. However, as space history has taught us, manned spaceflight still comes with a level of risk and danger that exceeds that of military and commercial aircraft operations. Take your favorite fandoms with you and never miss a beat. The SCA remote control (RC) model on display is one of the actual remote control models used in preparation for the Approach and Landing Tests (ALT). Thirty-eight years ago today, the Space Shuttle Columbia landed at Edwards Air Force Base to successfully conclude the fourth orbital mission of the Space Transportation System. Shortly after the last shuttle mission landed in 2011, Space Center Houston acquired a 25-year-old high-fidelity shuttle replica. Visitor access was provided by a gantry-style tower with ramps and an elevator for accessibility. That spirit of innovation is alive and well at NASA Johnson Space Center today, where guests can learn about the many careers and disciplines at work there. All Rights Reserved. It is the only shuttle mounted on an SCA that the public can go inside. The Columbia orbiter weighed a hefty 241,664 lbs at launch. The combined exhibit, named "Independence Plaza", opened to the public on January 23, 2016, at … On August 14, 2014, a heavy lift was completed to place Independence on top of NASA 905, which had been moved to Space Center Houston from Ellington Field on April 30, 2014. Visitors can enter the shuttle replica Independence, mounted on top of the historic and original NASA 905 shuttle carrier aircraft, and then explore the giant plane. In moving the SCA, 110 power lines were moved. Intelsat is a communications satellite provider founded in 1964 that operates one of the world’s largest fleets of commercial satellites. [9], Johnson Space Center hosted a celebration for the arrival of the replica. Some of the parts on this EMU are back-up and training elements (hard upper torso, gloves), while others are mock-ups used in testing and training (lighting and camera system). At times, they have popped a house full of popcorn in the movie Real Genius; inspired the visual motifs of ‘60s-era diners, motels and gas stations; and menaced the entire planet in many James Bond films. The project’s challenges didn’t end there. It took 40 days to take NASA 905 apart at Ellington Field. [13][14], Independence underwent extensive renovation in 2013 and 2014 to repair damaged components and update its appearance to more closely match that of the modern shuttle fleet. Explore our photo gallery chronicling the creation of the international landmark Independence Plaza as well as the journey of historic NASA 905 and shuttle replica Independence to Space Center Houston. It was built by Guard-Lee in Apopka, Florida, installed at Kennedy Space Center Visitor Complex in 1993, and moved to Space Center Houston in 2012. Mattingly and Hartsfield spent a little over seven (7) days orbiting the Earth in Columbia. In the tale end of the plane, Learn more about the great history of innovation and creative thinking that went into the development of the shuttle and shuttle carrier aircraft. [3], Independence, then known as Explorer, was displayed at the Kennedy Space Center Visitor Complex atop cement pilings and secured with steel cabling. National Aeronautics and Space Administration Wiki is a FANDOM Lifestyle Community. Multiple exhibits grant a rare glimpse into the historic shuttle era and describe its impact on current and future exploration. Getting the shuttle replica from Florida to Houston was a mammoth undertaking, and the shuttle replica needed extensive renovations to be displayed. EMUs are made in various sizes that are adjusted for each astronaut. Moving the massive vehicles was an even more immense task. Mattingly and Hartsfield also maneuvered the Induced Environment Contamination Monitor (IECM) using the Orbiter’s Remote Manipulator System (RMS). [10][11], Space Center Houston announced on May 2, 2013, that it had acquired NASA 905, one of NASA's two modified Boeing 747 Shuttle Carrier Aircraft. The festivities included the arrival of the shuttle at the dock and its move onto visitor center grounds. In addition, a Continuous Flow Electrophoresis System (CFES) and the Mono-Disperse Latex Reactor (MLR) were flown for a second time. Open-air vestibules allow visitors to assemble as they wait to board each aircraft. [7] To accommodate the shuttle, several light poles and street signage along the route were taken down, and the shuttle itself was lifted by hydraulic jacks over a KSC guardhouse. Creating Independence Plaza was a feat of engineering in itself. Your email address will not be published. The one-of-a-kind experience is offered at no extra charge as part of the general admission ticket. One floor down, experience how cramped living conditions were on the mid-deck and walk out into the payload bay to see an actual flown artifact from STS-49, a satellite rescue mission in which three people from the same spacecraft walked in space at the same time. Columbia’s return to earth added a special and patriotic touch to the celebration of our nation’s 206th birthday. The Space Shuttle was optimistically declared “operational” with the successful conduct of the first four (4) shuttle missions. NASA 905 is the largest artifact from the Space Shuttle Program on display. The festivities, so far, have included the arrival of the Shuttle at the dock. Inside the eight-story, 5,500-square-foot structure, two elevators and a stairway provide efficient and ADA-compliant access to all levels of the aircraft, including the flight deck and mid-deck of the shuttle, as well as the 747 shuttle carrier aircraft.

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+ How we made $200K with 4M downloads.

How we made $200K with 4M downloads.