Grechko and others in the leadership want a big greeting ceremony for the crew in Moscow, but Kamanin only wants the crew in the hands of the doctors for the first 10 to 12 days after the flight. Instead of required 38 volts in the circuitry, multiple measurements showed peaks of more than 60 volts. On the evening after their arrival to Tyuratam, Kamanin and other officials visited Site 31, where Soyuz-9 was being prepared for launch. However, the price of the achievement was high, providing major lessons for the future. According to Sevastyanov, he could barely climb to the exit hatch and then helplessly waited for the rescuers, who fortunately were on hand immediately. After that they hold a general press conference. Meeting with Mishin. That evening the spacecraft will be integrated with the booster, with roll-out to the pad scheduled for the following morning at 05:00. At the time, Mishin recorded the following predicted orbital parameters for the mission: On the morning of June 19, 1970, mission control had its first communications session of the workday with the spacecraft from 08:39:37 Moscow Time to 08:51:09 Moscow Time during the 283rd orbit of the mission. As a result of the forced change of plans, at 20:00 Mishin and the others flew from Crimea to the Vnukovo-3 airport in Moscow, instead of the Chkalovsky airfield where the cosmonauts were originally expected to return on the evening of June 19. On June 8, fellow cosmonaut Valentina Tereshkova, who happened to be Nikolaev's wife, started the long tradition of paying visits to mission control for teleconferences between the crew and their family members. There is some damage to the pad that will require repair, but nothing substantial. They drop slightly after two minutes in shadow. (142). The work had a direct impact on the design and procedures of the Salyut space station project which was in active development at the time. At an 08:30 communications session Filipchenko reports to the tracking vessel Komarov that all is OK, everything normal, they are eating well. The Soyuz-9 spacecraft lifted off from Pad 31 in Tyuratam on June 1, 1970, at 22:00 Moscow Time, with commander Andriyan Nikolaev, and flight engineer Vitaly Sevastyanov onboard. … Final Landing Commission meeting is held. AKA: Sokol (Falcon). Credit: Roskosmos, A launch vehicle with Soyuz-9 spacecraft is being rolled out on the launch pad in Tyuratam. At 13:00, Soyuz-9 passed over the NIP-10 ground station and at 15:45, the mission was on a path allowing a long communications session with ground control, complete with a TV transmission. Meanwhile problems have been found with Soyuz 9's electrical system - the launch will have to be delayed. It would require the crew to go to bed around noon and get up around seven or eight in the evening. As in some previous launch campaigns, an outbreak of dysenteria at the launch site prompted Kamanin to impose strict quarantine around the crew. At 17:00 the cosmonauts give a formal interview to the Russian 'Parade' magazine. Credit: Roskosmos, Soyuz-9 is being integrated with its launch vehicle adapter during pre-launch processing in Tyuratam. Today the Soyuz 9 crew set a new space endurance record. Shatalov and Yeliseyev prepare to depart for the Crimea to train for use of the big solar and stellar telescopes planned for the DOS station. After a meeting of the State Commission, everyone watches an Italian movie, 'The Owl Appears at Day' - a story of murder in Sicily, terror against women, and the corruption of the Mafia (apparently a remake of the classic 'M'). The planned scientific program of the mission was declared successfully completed. They can only take two short walks daily and tire quickly. Kamanin blames such chaos on Smirnov, Serbin, and Ustinov. The perigee was now high enough to keep the spacecraft in a stable orbit for most of the planned duration. On the previous flight, in October, it lasted only 10 minutes and this would not have been a problem. google_ad_channel =""; The Air Force medics proposed to gradually push the going-to-bed time to 2 or 3 in the morning and the get-up time to 11 a.m. or 12 p.m. To Kamanin's surprise, Nikolaev and Sevastyanov strongly agreed with the medics and, starting on May 20, their activities began shifting to later hours. 17-20) were under assembly at the factory of the TsKBEM design bureau. The crew is told to revolve the spacecraft at 0.5 deg/sec around the long axis. An asphalt road leads to the recreation area. google_color_url = "666666"; On June 14, Nikolaev told mission control that he had seen several small meteors entering and burning up in the Earth's atmosphere. Within a minute after the capsule has landed General Goreglyad and Colonel Popov are already at the hatch. This removes the first lock on the system, which is then armed so that it will be activated by a signal from the barometer at an altitude of 11 km above the earth. Upon arrival to Karaganda, the crew developed high fever, while urgent medical checks revealed that their hearts had severely contracted. Soyuz-9 embarks on a record-breaking mission In June 1970, two Soviet cosmonauts spent 18 days aboard the Soyuz-9 spacecraft, setting a flight-duration record. (According to previous plans, the cosmonauts were expected to return to the Cosmonaut Training Center near Moscow after just a two- or three-hour break in Karaganda.). Between 20:00 and 20:30 Tereshkova and her daughter communicate via radio and television with Nikolayev aboard Soyuz 9. At 20:00, on the same day, the State Commission met again for the traditional confirmation of the crew. Meanwhile the crew is well, preparing for landing. However, Mishin cited E. Vorobiev as arguing that one extra day in orbit would not be meaningful for the medical science, therefore, the crew would be better of attempting landing while still with at least a day-worth of reserves aboard the spacecraft. The Soyuz 9 crew has completed their 12th day but are beginning to get tired. 05:00: The rollout of the launch vehicle to launch pad at Site 31; 13:00: The completion of integrated testing of the launch vehicle; 14:30: The completion of pre-launch checks of the spacecraft; 18:00: The start of the six-hour pre-launch sequence; 19:00: The meeting of the State Commission approving the fueling of the launch vehicle; 20:00: The start of the launch vehicle fueling; 22:00: The completion of the fueling, the start of crew boarding. On December 6, 1969, Sergei Afanasiev, Head of General Machine-building Ministry, MOM, which oversaw the rocket industry visited the TsKBEM design bureau to discuss plans for the future. The crew battled Kamanin and Gorbatko. The first pair of ships was scheduled to rendezvous and dock using the Kontakt in August or September 1970, depending on the readiness of the new hardware. Kamanin believes a series of 30, 50, then 50-plus day flights are needed to investigate and prove human adaptation to space. The result: neither the spacecraft or the booster are ready for an April launch, perhaps not even by the end of May. All is normal aboard Soyuz 9. Theoretically, the mission prepared the Soviet cosmonauts for a possible lunar expedition. However, for an emergency landing attempt on June 21, the crew would have to perform an orbit correction first. Mishin won't accept that there are problems with sustained zero-G flight, since that would wreck the assumptions on which he has based his DOS station plans. The PVO radar at Turtsiy picks up the Soyuz at 83 km altitude and follows it down to the point of parachute deployment. There is no transport, and no recreational facilities. Both of the cosmonauts looked very ill aboard the plane. It was a human spaceflight mission transporting personnel to and from the ISS. They fall down in their first tortured attempts at walking. Nikolai Kamanin (right) and Viktor Gorbatko (center) ponder their next move, as Valery Bykovsky (left) prepares to announce it to the Soyuz-9 crew during the world's first space-to-ground chess match. The spacecraft reached orbit as planned, but due to strong winds reaching above 20 meters per second, the exhaust apparently burned some cables and left some damage on truss structures. These include post-flight care of the cosmonauts, the fact the centrifuge is not available for training, storage of rations and the possibility of spoilage during the long flight. The cosmonauts were still conducting pressure checks and preparing for landing. (142) However, the de-facto end of the Moon Race in July 1969 changed political priorities. All is ready for a flight in April, but the Communist Party resolution says the flight has to wait for May. Credit: Roskosmos, Soyuz-9 on the launch pad in Tyuratam. Apparently, during the 5th or 6th orbit of the mission, the crew conducted the first orbit correction of the mission, which delivered 15 meters per second in acceleration, pushing the Soyuz-9 to a 214.7 by 269.8-kilometer orbit. Nikolayev departs from his prepared speech to the Sate Commission, and says 'Comrade Chairman! The backup crews were to train in the Soyuz 9 spacecraft from 10:00, followed by the prime crew at 12:00, but Mishin didn't allow the backups to start until 11:00. The crew also followed current events on Earth, in particular, the cosmonauts were reported watching matches of the world's football cup. Andriyan Nikolaev, the veteran of the Vostok-3 mission, and the rookie cosmonaut from TsKBEM design bureau Vitaly Sevastyanov were assigned to the flight, but a total of six cosmonauts, comprising three crews, had spent eight months training for the flight, including Anatoly Filipchenko, Georgy Grechko, Vasily Lazarev and Valery Yazdovsky. It is clear that he wanted to continue with the original plan for a dual Soyuz flight in August. There is a television communications session in the evening. In June 1970, two Soviet cosmonauts spent 18 days aboard the Soyuz-9 spacecraft, setting a flight-duration record. It was Afanasyev and Kerimov who were pushing for a single long-duration flight in May. The top officials than met again at 21:00 to plan for another orbit correction during the 17th orbit of the mission, when Soyuz-9 was to re-appear over the Soviet territory. 17 into orbit. The only diversions are gymnastics, chess, and billiards. At the centre, crew selection for the Soyuz 10 and Soyuz 11 missions to the DOS space station are underway. There, they learned that problems had been found in electrical systems in the past few days, requiring the replacement of several components and putting the May 31 launch date in question. Credit: Roskosmos, Alyona, daughter of Nikolaev and Tereshkova, talks to her father during visit to ground control center with her mother on June 8, 1970. Credit: Roskosmos, Nikolaev demonstrates weightlessness to his daughter with a small toy during a TV conference with ground control on June 8, 1970. Credit: Roskosmos, Sevastyanov plays chess with ground control during a TV communications session.

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