Her name was derived from the Greek words phoibos "bright" or "radiant", phoibazô "to prophesy" and phoibaô "to purify". Evelyn-White) (Greek epic C8th or C7th B.C.) 1 (trans. A daughter of Uranus and Ge, became by Coeus the mother of Asteria and Leto. After them was born Kronos (Cronus). One of the daughters, called Leto, plays an important role in the later ages, in the time of Olympians. She gave it as a birthday gift to Phoibos (Phoebus) [Apollon].’", Aeschylus, Eumenides 6 & 323 ff : 67. Aldrich) (Greek mythographer C2nd A.D.) : Diodorus Siculus, Library of History 5. In ancient Greek religion, Phoebe (Greek: Φοίβη Phoibe, associated with Phoebos or "shining") was one of the first generation of Titans, who were one set of sons and daughters of Uranus and Gaia. PHOEBE (Phoibê). Hesiod's Phoibe, mother of Asteria, was probably the cosmological equivalent of Homer's Dione, mother of Aphrodite. Amphitrite stands in place of Tethys, Dione is presumably Phoibe--mother of Leto--, and Ikhnaie "the tracing goddess" is Theia. Hesiod, Theogony 132 ff (trans. The Homeric Hymn to Delian Apollo apparently equates the two in its list of oracular Titanesses present at the birth of Apollon.
. Grant) (Roman mythographer C2nd A.D.) : The Oracle of Delphi, the bright intellect. Their two daughters--Asteria and Leto--might have represented the constrasting oracles of darkness and light. However, according to Aeschylus's myth, Phoebe had felt like having extreme burden to carry and gave away her place to her grandson Apollo as a present for his birthday, probably to motivate him. PHOEBE (Phoibê). Evelyn-White) (Greek epic C7th - 4th B.C.) And there were with her all the chiefest of the goddesses, Dione and Rheia and Ikhnaie (Ichnaea) and Themis and loud-moaning Amphitrite and the other deathless goddesses. And latin authors were all referring Phoebe as the moon goddess or moon itself, but they clearly had Artemis in mind doing so. The children of Koios (Coeus) and Phoibe (Phoebe) were Asteria and Leto. : A daughter of Uranus and Ge, became by Coeus the mother of Asteria and Leto. ", Pseudo-Apollodorus, Bibliotheca 1. She, however, had never been referred as the goddess of the moon.
2 (trans. : Pseudo-Apollodorus, Bibliotheca 1. Then the goddess through the love of the god conceived and brought forth dark-gowned Leto . ", Homeric Hymn 3 to Delian Apollo 89 ff (trans.
1. [1.1] OURANOS & GAIA (Hesiod Theogony 132, Aeschylus Eumenides 6, Apollodorus 1.8, Diodorus Siculus 5.66.1), [1.1] LETO, ASTERIA (by Koios) (Hesiod Theogony 404, Apollodorus 1.9, Hyginus Preface) According to Hyginus, who also mentions Asteria and Leto, she was also the mother of Perses and Pallas by Coeus. Hesiod, Theogony 132 ff (trans. Theoi Project © Copyright 2000 - 2017 Aaron J. Atsma, Netherlands & New Zealand, (Hesiod Theogony 132, Aeschylus Eumenides 6, Apollodorus 1.8, Diodorus Siculus 5.66.1), (Hesiod Theogony 404, Apollodorus 1.9, Hyginus Preface). Aldrich) (Greek mythographer C2nd A.D.) : (Hes. The Olympians Apollo and Artemis , twin siblings, were the children of Leto ; thus, they were often referred to as Phoebus and Phoebe respectively, taking their alternative names from their grandmother.
[1.3] LETO (by Koios) (Diodorus Siculus 5.67.1).
Hesiod and Homer were likely attempting to translate the genealogy of the Phoenician goddess Ashtarte into the Greek milieu--with Asteria daughter of the Titanis Phoibe and Aphrodite daughter of Titanis Dione both being Greek counterparts of Ashtarte and her sky-goddess mother. She had very beautiful eyes, with which she charmed Zeus and he soon got her pregnant. 67. 66. Anyhow, Phoebe was rather associated with being prophetic, like her sister Themis and her mother Gaea. The family relationships were described by Hesiod (Theogony). And latin authors were all referring Phoebe as the moon goddess or moon itself, but they clearly had Artemis in mind doing so.
"To Koios (Coeus) and Phoibe (Phoebe) was born Leto.
That is why the Titaness is often misidentified as the moon goddess. Romans on the other hand associated Artemis, Hera and Selene to the moon amongst others, but there was no mentioning of Titaness Phoebe. i. ", Hesiod, Theogony 404 ff :
Phoebe was the daughter of Ouranos (Sky) and Gaia (Earth) two Protogenoi deities, the primordial gods of the Greek pantheon. In Greek mythology, Phoebe (/ ˈ f iː b iː /; Ancient Greek: Φοίβη Phoibe, associated with Phoebos or "shining") was the name or epithet of the following characters: Phoebe (Titaness), one of the Titans, grandmother of Apollo and Artemis. Apollo then presided over the prophetic power of light and heavens. Phoebe was a Titan goddess of prophetic radiance, often associated with Selene (goddess of the moon). Phoebe was one of the Titans, daughter of Uranus and Gaea.
"Leto [in labour, on the island of Delos,] was racked nine days and nine nights with pangs beyond wont. Then the child leaped forth to the light, and all the goddesses raised a cry. : : Aeschylus, Eumenides 1 ff (trans. Her epithet was Gold-Crowned, but her name, like Apollo’s forename Phoebus, signified brightness. "She [Gaia, the Earth] lay with Ouranos (Uranus, the Sky) and bare deep-swirling Okeanos (Oceanus), Koios (Coeus) and Krios (Crius) and Hyperion and Iapetos, Theia and Rhea, Themis and Mnemosyne and gold-crowned Phoibe (Phoebe) and lovely Tethys. And in the third allotment, with Themis' consent and not by force, another Titanis (Titaness), child of Khthon (Chthon, Earth), Phoibe (Phoebe), took her seat here. According to Aeschylus (Eum. She was not very active in mythology, but her lineage is the most interesting part of her story. She was also very beautiful like her sister and therefore pursued by Zeus. 136, 404, &c.; Apollod. [N.B. The misinterpretation probably comes because her granddaughter Artemis was also called Phoebe, after her, just like her grandson Apollo was called Phoebus. The misinterpretation probably comes because her granddaughter Artemis was also called Phoebe, after her, just like her grandson Apollo was called Phoebus. The IAU nomenclature standards have stated that features on Phoebe are to be named after characters in the Greek myth of Jason and the Argonauts . Leto - Titan goddess of modesty and motherhood. In those times, Phoebe had also developed a lust for mortal men, but her affairs never came to any fruition. Oldfather) (Greek historian C1st B.C.) 2 (trans. A complete bibliography of the translations quoted on this page. . 6) she was in possession of the Delphic oracle after Themis, and prior to Apollo.
§ 3, 2. Straightway, great Phoibos [Apollon], the goddesses washed you purely and cleanly with sweet water, and swathed you in a white garment of fine texture, new-woven, and fastened a golden band about you." Weir Smyth) (Greek tragedy C5th B.C.) Source: Dictionary of Greek and Roman Biography and Mythology. 2. : Diodorus Siculus, Library of History 5. ", Diodorus Siculus, Library of History 5. Also called Selene. . Source: Dictionary of Greek and Roman Biography and Mythology. Phoebe would have many siblings for there were 12 Titans in Greek mythology, thus Phoebe had six brothers (Cronus, Iapetus, Oceanus, Hyperion, Crius and Coeus) and five sisters (Rhea, Themis, Tethys, Theia and Mneomsyne).
According to Aeschylus (Eum.6) she was in possession of the Delphic oracle after Themis, and prior to Apollo.
However, in order to escape from his embraces, she transformed herself into an island Asteria, later known as Delos. "The Titanes (Titans) numbered six men and five women, being born, as certain writers of myths relate, of Ouranos (Uranus, Sky) and Ge (Gaea, Earth), but according to others, of one of the Kouretes (Curetes) and Titaia (Titaea), from whom as their mother they derive the name they have. She was also the mother of Asteria and Hecate. : Homeric Hymn 3 to Delian Apollo 89 ff (trans. She was married to her brother Coeus , with whom she had Asteria (the starry one) and Leto . Gaea honorably gave away her place to her daughter Themis who then gave it to her sister Phoebe.
The males were Kronos (Cronus), Hyperion, Koios (Coeus), Iapetos, Krios (Crius) and Okeanos (Oceanus) , and their sisters were Rhea, Themis, Mnemosyne, Phoibe (Phoebe) and Tethys. Weir Smyth) (Greek tragedy C5th B.C.) She married Coeus, the god of the celestial axis. Oldfather) (Greek historian C1st B.C.) By the Titan Coeus she was the mother of Leto and grandmother of Apollo and Artemis. 136, 404, &c.; Apollod. https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Phoebe_(Greek_myth)&oldid=943359349, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This article includes a list of Greek mythological figures with the same or similar names. It is also designated Saturn IX in some scientific literature. She became the third prophet at the Oracle of Delphi, where she was believed to have heard her mother's voices. Evelyn-White) (Greek epic C7th - 4th B.C.) ], Aeschylus, Eumenides 1 ff (trans. With him, they had Asteria and Leto. She was also one of the twelve titans who were the descendants of Uranus and Gaea.
She was, like all of her sisters, never involved in the war between Titans and Olympian gods, and was spared from being imprisoned in Tartarus. In the end Leto was finally provided with refuge by her sister Asteria who welcomed her to literally reside on her. 1 : § 3, 2. Each one of them was the discover of things of benefit to mankind, and because of the benefaction they conferred upon all men they were accorded honours and everlasting fame. 1 : Pseudo-Hyginus, Preface (trans. "Phoibe (Phoebe) . Grant) (Roman mythographer C2nd A.D.) : Phoebe was a daughter of Uranus and Gaea, but not directly involved in the overthrow of Uranus by her brother Cronos. "Ouranos (Uranus, Sky) . Because of it, she was pursued relentlessly by jealous Zeus's wife Hera who drove her from island to island, preventing her to rest and give birth. ", Pseudo-Apollodorus, Bibliotheca 1. fathered other sons on Ge (Gaea, Earth), namely the Titanes (Titans) : Okeanos (Oceanus), Koios (Coeus), Hyperion, Kreios (Crius), Iapetos, and Kronos (Cronus) the youngest; also daughters called Titanides (Titanesses) : Tethys, Rhea, Themis, Mnemosyne, Phoibe (Phoebe), Dione, and Theia. She was wife of the Titan Koios (Coeus) "the Inquiring" and the grandmother of Apollon, Artemis and Hekate. In Greek mythology, Phoebe (/ˈfiːbiː/; Ancient Greek: Φοίβη Phoibe, associated with Phoebos or "shining") was the name or epithet of the following characters: Also, Phoebe is a crater on Janus (moon of Saturn), named after the character from Greek mythology. PHOIBE (Phoebe) was the Titan goddess of the bright intellect. ", Pseudo-Hyginus, Preface (trans. . (Hes. Phoebe, in Greek mythology, a Titan, daughter of Uranus (Sky) and Gaea (Earth). To the Greeks it was pretty simple and obvious that Selene was the correct goddess. The "chiefest of the goddesses" are the Titanides. 1 (trans. She, however, had never been referred as the goddess of the moon. 1.
. . 1. Instead, she took her place at the oracle of Delphi. Also she bare Asteria. "From Polus [Koios (Coeus)] and Phoebe [were born] : Latone [Leto], Asterie.". 66. Leto's son [Apollon]. Phoebe was a Titan goddess of prophetic radiance, often associated with Selene (goddess of the moon). § 2.) greek-gods.org (c) Copyright 2013 - 2018, all rights reserved. Phoibe was also the Titan-goddess of the Delphic oracle which was reputed to lie upon the earth's navel. Phoebe consorted with her brother Coeus, with whom she had two daughters. gave it [the oracle of Delphoi] as a birthday gift to [her grandson] Phoibos (Phoebus) [Apollon], who has his name from Phoibe . . With her cousin Perses, she gave birth to goddess Hecate. : § 2.) She was the grandmother of Apollo, the god of the Sun, and Artemis, goddess of the moon, and was, like her granddaughter Artemis, identified by the Romans poets with the Roman moon-goddess Diana. Phoebe was named after Phoebe, a Titaness in Greek mythology that was associated with the Moon. i.