Option of taking an oath or an affirmation, Option of taking an oath or an affirmation. A newly elected or re-elected president of the United States begins their four-year term of office on the twentieth day of January following the election, and, by tradition, takes the oath of office during an inauguration on that date; prior to 1937 the president's term of office began on March 4. [19], By convention, incoming presidents raise their right hand and place the left on a Bible while taking the oath of office. The oath of office of the president of the United States is the oath or affirmation that the president of the United States takes after assuming the presidency but before exercising or carrying out any presidential powers or duties. The oath of office of the president of the United States is the oath or affirmation that the president of the United States takes after assuming the presidency but before exercising or carrying out any presidential powers or duties. Chief Justice Roberts' reply was that his "prompting" for these four extra-constitutional words were to be recited "after" the oath of office, and not as a part of the oath as claimed in the suit. In contrast, the oath of the President is the only oath specified in the Constitution. Official websites use .gov An article of impeachment accuses President Donald Trump of abusing his oath of office. Several sources claim that Lincoln said "So help me God" at his 1861 inauguration, yet these sources were not contemporaneous to the event. On April 30, 1789, George Washington, standing on the balcony of Federal Hall on Wall Street in New York, took his oath of office as the first President of the United States. "[15] In 1929, Time magazine reported that the Chief Justice began the oath uttering, "You, Herbert Hoover, do you solemnly swear ...",[16] Hoover replied with a simple "I do". Circuit Court, administered the oath to Millard Fillmore on July 10, 1850, when he became president after the death of Zachary Taylor. The wording of the oath is specified in Article II, Section One, Clause 8, of the United States Constitution. Before he enter on the Execution of his Office, he shall take the following Oath or Affirmation:– I do solemnly swear (or affirm) that I will faithfully execute the Office of President of the United States, and will to the best of my Ability, preserve, protect and defend the Constitution of the United States. Circuit Court of the District of Columbia, U.S. District Court for the Western District of New York, Second inauguration of Theodore Roosevelt, U.S. District Court for the District of Columbia, First inauguration of Franklin D. Roosevelt, Second inauguration of Franklin D. Roosevelt, Third inauguration of Franklin D. Roosevelt, Fourth inauguration of Franklin D. Roosevelt, First inauguration of Dwight D. Eisenhower, Second inauguration of Dwight D. Eisenhower, U.S. District Court for the Northern District of Texas, Oath of office of the Vice President of the United States, "The Constitution of the United States of America: Analysis and Interpretation, Centennial Edition, Interim Edition: Analysis of Cases Decided by the Supreme Court of the United States to June 26, 2013", Hail to the Chief! Article 2, Section 1 of the Constitution requires that before presidents can assume their duties they must take the oath of office. [34] This newspaper report is followed by another account, provided later in the same year after Lincoln's death (April 15, 1865), that Lincoln said "So help me God" during his oath. "[36], A contemporaneous newspaper account of Lincoln's 1865 inauguration states that Lincoln appended the phrase "So help me God" to the oath. At that point a response of "I do" or "I swear" completed the oath. ", to which the president responded, "So help me God. While the Constitution does not mandate that anyone in particular should administer the presidential oath of office, it has been administered by the Chief Justice beginning with John Adams, except following the death of a sitting president. Joint Congressional Committee on Inauguration Ceremonies website: CS1 maint: BOT: original-url status unknown (, Oath of office of the president of the United States, St. John's Lodge No. Last Updated: ) or https:// means you’ve safely connected to the .gov website. Oath of office. In practice, however, most presidents, at least during the last century, have opted to take the oath (rather than an affirmation), to use a Bible to do so, and also to close the oath with the customary phrase. Since the office of President of the United States came into existence in 1789 there have been 58 public swearing-in ceremonies to mark the commencement of a new four-year presidential term, plus an additional nine marking the start of a partial presidential term following the intra-term death or resignation of an incumbent president. At that point a response of "I do" or "I swear" completes the oath. A lock ( [41][full citation needed][42]. Elections, Presidents, Vice Presidents, and First Ladies, Download a Copy of the Consumer Action Handbook, Financial Assistance and Support Services, Disaster Financial Assistance for Workers and Small Business Owners, Disaster Financial Assistance with Food, Housing, and Bills, Financial Assistance Within Designated Natural Disaster Areas, Government Response to Coronavirus, COVID-19, Field Trip to the Money Factory Lesson Plan, How to Become President of the U.S. Poster Lesson Plan, Public Service and Volunteer Opportunities, Introduction to Federal Government Contracting, How to Become a Federal Government Contractor, The Contract Opportunities Search Tool on beta.SAM.gov, Federal Personnel Records and Employment Verification, Locate Military Members, Units, and Facilities. [37] The evidence pertaining to the 1865 inauguration is much stronger than that pertaining to Lincoln's 1861 use of the phrase. Article II, Section I of the U.S. Constitution, Joint Congressional Committee on Inaugural Ceremonies (JCCIC), Learn more about each event from the JCCIC. ", In 1929, Taft, later the Chief Justice, garbled the oath when he swore in President.

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