Avoid jargon that, to the astute reader, betrays a muddled and insecure writer. Christopher C. Kraft, Jr., “Use of Center Directives,” memo for record, 8 November 1968, Johnson Space Center History Office, Houston, TX. Make maximum use of abbreviations. Thus, the unit of measure actually used by the originating designer, engineer, researcher, etc., should always appear first, in quotation marks if appropriate, then followed by the metric or English equivalent in parentheses. If you are tempted to use a word because you think it will give an authoritative ring to your writing, or because you think it will put you among an in-group of specialist readers, don’t. If you are citing an entire chapter or article, include its entire page range. Cette fonction d'achat continuera à charger des articles lorsque la touche Entrée est enfoncée. Do not use an apostrophe in most plurals, such as these: However, to form the plural of abbreviations with periods and single letters standing alone, add ’s: The possessive of a name ending in s is 's: Ames’s, Lewis’s. Many archives have a preference in how authors document their archival source material. 8�� �v��~{@R"�& �SqJ�e~l��|�������}�$�_��Lk�Y�SY��fU��C˳��X�_[��fT��O���x�5�o�7:��f��Ɉ���/��/�d����)}�|�\�L2泧-��{NYƳ�U���&{�#��t�݅���^2�^���d`�=_9��J��i�}��x��?MX�E8��ܴA����9w�0ʸq���.�������g�����:d�]N���0� Serial commas: Use a comma after each item in a series, except the last. 4) Avoid contractions unless the tone of the book is unusually informal, as in some memoirs. Commenté aux États-Unis le 13 octobre 2018. In 1995, the NASA Systems Engineering Handbook (NASA/SP-6105) was initially published to bring the fundamental concepts and techniques of systems engineering to the National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) personnel in a way that recognized the nature of NASA systems and the NASA … Please see this guide's companion piece to assist you in preparing and formatting your manuscript. If a government report has no named author but is the product of an identifiable office or agency, then the office or agency is the author. The result embodied in this handbook is a top-level implementation approach on the practice of systems engineering unique to NASA. Registered content in the NASA STI Repository (previously referred to as access to the NASA Technical Reports Server-Registered (NTRS-R)) includes the complete STI collection of NASA and non-NASA aerospace materials and is available by registration only to … Do not use italics for names of ships, aircraft, or spacecraft. It recognizes that the first casualty of self-serving history is truth and that history that rings false is of no use to anyone—except, perhaps, to pundits. Give the most detailed location possible of unpublished items. The NASA Graphics Standards Manual reissue. Discuss any sources that you did not examine but that you believe might further illuminate your story. Can one trace the decision-making process, or do you see only the published results? This requirement may be at least partially met by a well-planned bibliographic essay; if you provide one, the notes can be simplified. integrate. Common-noun substitutes are capitalized only in certain instances to indicate preeminence. Also write out such quantities as “three dozen” and “four score.”, Use numerals except in the case large round numbers, when it may be appropriate to write them out, as in “one in ten thousand.”. There usually should be at least one note for each paragraph. Courtney G. Brooks, James M. Grimwood, and Loyd S. Swenson, Jr., Chariots for Apollo: A History of Manned Lunar Spacecraft (Washington, DC: National Aeronautics and Space Administration SP-4205, 1979), pp. August 2012 version Examples: 100°F, 13°C, but 300 K (because measurements on the Kelvin scale do not use the degree symbol). 2 0 obj The manual gives many examples for printed sources. A mere listing of sources only repeats the notes in a different form. Too many ibid.’s indicate scholarly overkill, otherwise known as the “dissertation syndrome.” Consider clustering the source notes, generally at the end of each paragraph, to reduce their number. Exceptions and frequently recurring expressions are noted in this guide. Capitalize the titles of heads of state and assistant heads of an existing or proposed national government unit, past or present: e.g., President George W. Bush, the President, the presidency, presidential; Vice President Richard “Dick” Cheney, the Vice President; Majority Leader, Minority Leader, etc. Note that restrictive clauses do not use such commas: The white house that is on the corner of Maple and Main Streets.... With quotation marks, semicolons and colons go outside; commas and periods go inside. See the list below for capitalization of words containing “sun” and “moon.”, Racial/ethnic/nationality terms: Lowercase “black” and “white” unless there are reasons for doing otherwise in your particular book. Aparecem apenas números nos locais onde elas deveriam estar. Capitalize “Sun” when referring to our Sun but not to other suns. These should appear in roman text with initial caps. Vos articles vus récemment et vos recommandations en vedette. Historians should not alter an original scientific or engineering notation any more than they should rewrite an original quotation. Help those who follow you by sharing your experiences. Frank Anderson, Jr., wrote.... (but Paul Richard Johnson III wrote). Impossible d'ajouter l'article à votre liste. Major figures will be introduced with biographical details in the text; individuals whose role was minor generally will not appear in the body of our texts—maybe just named in a note or an appendix. (See “In Notes” below for abbreviations in notes. In 1995, the NASA Systems Engineering Handbook (NASA/SP-6105) was initially published to bring the fundamental concepts and techniques of systems engineering to the National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) personnel in a way that recognized the nature of NASA systems and the NASA … Exceptions and more specific guidelines follow. Capitalize “Moon” when referring to Earth’s Moon; otherwise, lowercase “moon” (e.g., “The Moon orbits Earth,” “Jupiter’s moons”). The best editors are remembered not for having obliterated an author’s style and replaced it with their own, but for having helped a writer to find his or her own special voice. Les membres Amazon Prime bénéficient de livraisons gratuites illimitées toute l'année. Notes will be read by specialists who can tolerate tight writing for the sake of maximum information in a minimal amount of space. Formatting examples for specific types of citations appear below. 2) Passages of text making direct and attributed use of more than 50 words derived from another published work must be identified, and the author must obtain copyright permissions or waivers. Both the original unit of measure and its mathematical value can have potential significance for historic interpretation. The latter is provided to authors especially to guide the expression of government and scientific nomenclature. Names that would otherwise clutter the text, definitions that only a minority of your readers may need, and related matters that are worth telling but would distort the paragraph. For further information email hq-histinfo@nasa.gov, + USA.gov These should be discussed in descending order from most to least important. For a NASA book: Courtney G. Brooks, James M. Grimwood, and Loyd S. Swenson, Jr., Chariots for Apollo: A History of Manned Lunar Spacecraft (Washington, DC: National Aeronautics and Space Administration
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