Far less recognition has been afforded to Okinawa, where the U.S. military suffered the most casualties of the entire Pacific campaign.

A young survivor cries as he receives treatment at a temporary hospital in Nagasaki. It was messy, but events were to prove that the Nagasaki mission was hardly redundant. Related: Meet the only man to witness all three atomic blasts of World War II. While the attack is treated as an afterthought by historians, it is worth examining why the coup de … In 1939, physicists Albert Einstein and Leo Szilard drafted a letter to US President Franklin D. Roosevelt, urging him to research atomic bombs before the Germans could build one first. Eiichi Matsumoto/Asahi Shimbun/Getty Images. This Aug. 9 marks the 75th anniversary of the atomic bombing of Nagasaki.

National Archives Identifier 535795] What this gruesome toll shows is that Japan was a nation prepared to die in the summer of 1945. To this day, it is the only time that nuclear weapons have been used in warfare. 1-86-NARA-NARA or 1-866-272-6272, The Atomic Bombing of Hiroshima and Nagasaki, https://www.archives.gov/node/72676/edit/, Effects of the Atomic Bomb on Hiroshima, Japan, Photos: Atomic Bomb Preparations at Tinian Island, 1945, Atomic Bombings of Hiroshima and Nagasaki, Witness to Destruction: Photographs and Sound Recordings Documenting the Hiroshima Bombing, Found in the Archives: The Einstein Letter, Morgantown Ordnance Works (part of the Manhattan Project) Panoramas, 1940–1942, Petition from Manhattan Project Scientists to President Truman, Photographs and Pamphlet about Nuclear Fallout, Albert Einstein’s letter to FDR regarding the atomic bomb, Additional records on the bombing of Hiroshima, President Truman's Diary Entry for July 17, 1945, Memo for the Record, Manhattan Project, July 20, 1945, Petition from Leo Szilard and other scientists to President Truman, The Presidency in the Nuclear Age: The Race to Build the Bomb and the Decision to Use It”. The Japanese home islands dwarfed the previous objectives in the island hopping campaign, so many more U.S. and Japanese troops would have fought each other at Kyushu than at Okinawa. US President Harry Truman announces Japan's surrender to media assembled at the White House. Send them to Jeff Schogol via email at schogol@taskandpurpose.com or direct message @JeffSchogol on Twitter. Ed Clark/The LIFE Picture Collection/Getty Images. The Atomic Bombing of Nagasaki While the people of Japan tried to comprehend the devastation in Hiroshima, the United States was preparing a second bombing mission. Many of those who survived the initial blast died of severe radiation-related injuries and illnesses. A person's outline is seen on bank steps after the bombing in Hiroshima. US Army Col. Leslie R. Groves, second row on the left, was appointed to head the project. Alfred Eisenstaedt/The LIFE Picture Collection via Getty Images. It came three days after a bomb was dropped over Hiroshima, Japan. This is why the B-29 Bock’s Car had to drop the plutonium bomb Fat Man on Japan – a mission that nearly ended in disaster several times.

The United States detonated the world's first atomic bomb at a test site in New Mexico on July 16, 1945. But not even the hellish blast of the Little Boy uranium bomb was enough to persuade Japan’s top military leaders that further resistance was pointless. Sign up here! Related: 75 years ago, a farm boy became a Medal of Honor hero with a flamethrower at Iwo Jima.

Related: 'It wasn’t enjoyable at all’ — How a civilian photographer shot some of the bloodiest battles of WWII.

USA.gov, The U.S. National Archives and Records Administration Carl Mydans/The LIFE Picture Collection/Getty Images. Chris Wallace, host of Fox News Sunday, details in his book Countdown 1945 how just about everything went wrong with the Nagasaki mission. The Japanese Supreme Council for the Direction of the War had been meeting on Aug. 9 following the attack on Hiroshima and the Soviet invasion of Manchuria when word came that Nagasaki had been hit by a second atomic bomb. A billboard in Oak Ridge reminds workers of the top-secret nature of the facility. Unlike the invasion of Normandy, the Japanese had anticipated where U.S. troops would land troops to begin Operation Downfall, the planned invasion of Japan that was scheduled for November 1945. This aerial photo shows the Japanese Army base at Hiroshima, a day after the bomb. Armen Shamlian/US Army Air Forces/LIFE/Getty Images, A mushroom cloud billows over Hiroshima about one hour after detonation. Trinity was the code name of the test bomb, which was detonated in the Jornada del Muerto desert. While the attack is treated as an afterthought by historians, it is worth examining why the coup de grâce was necessary in light of the continued belief that Japan’s surrender was inevitable before the first atomic bomb was even dropped. A short time later, the plane's crew dropped the first atomic bomb in combat. A worker stands next to an atomic bomb, code name "Fat Man," hours before it was dropped on Nagasaki, Japan, on August 9, 1945. The Japanese lost 100,000 troops and another 100,000 civilians, many of whom were forced to commit suicide by their supposed defenders. Not getting the Pentagon Run-Down? A jubilant American sailor kisses a nurse in New York's Times Square as he celebrates the news that Japan has surrendered. Comments or thoughts to share?

It came three days after a bomb was dropped over Hiroshima, Japan. The devastation led to Japan's unconditional surrender and brought an end to World War II. A man walks through the destruction in Hiroshima.

Bones and ashes are left behind after the bombing of Nagasaki, which killed up to 80,000 people. Time Life Pictures/US Air Force/Getty Images.


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