Space is part of Future US Inc, an international media group and leading digital publisher. Christopher Columbus leveraged a blood-red eclipse in 1504 to frighten natives on Jamaica into feeding him and his crew. Some understanding of simple celestial mechanics explains how lunar eclipses work. The natives welcomed the castaways and fed them. For a lunar eclipse to occur, the Sun, Earth, and Moon must be roughly aligned in a line. A series of four consecutive total lunar eclipses with no partial or penumbral lunar eclipses in between is called a lunar tetrad. He then beached his last two on Jamaica on June 25, 1503. The supplemental Five Millennium Catalog of Lunar Eclipses contains 201 pages of tables giving details for each eclipse. Those will be the only two lunar eclipses in 2021. Because the moon's orbit around Earth lies in a slightly different plane than Earth's orbit around the sun, perfect alignment for an eclipse doesn't occur at every full moon. Email: Robert.M.Candey@nasa.gov, Official NASA Representative: Alex Youngc.a.young@nasa.gov, Heliophysics Science Division, Code 670 The Eclipse Foundation - home to a global community, the Eclipse IDE, Jakarta EE and over 375 open source projects, including runtimes, tools and frameworks. This eclipse will begin at 11:07 p.m. EDT on July 4 (0307 GMT on July 5) and end at 1:52 a.m. EDT (0552 GMT). Europe, e Africa, Asia, Aus., Pacific, N.A. There are three types — total, partial and penumbral — … It is sometimes called a Blood Moon as the eclipsed Moon may look red. This is because different types of dust particles and clouds in Earth's atmosphere allow different wavelengths to reach the surface of the Moon. They are: The first of four penumbral lunar eclipses of 2020 arrives on Jan. 10, and it will be visible throughout most of the world, with the exception of the United States, central Canada, and a majority of South America. Unlike solar eclipses, observing a total lunar eclipse does not require any special equipment. When the three bodies are aligned in a way that the Moon is partly covered by the Earth's umbra, a partial lunar eclipse is the result. The next lunar eclipse will be a penumbral lunar eclipse on July 4-5, 2020 and will be visible in most of North America, South America, western Europe and Africa. © Time and Date AS 1995–2020. What are the three types of lunar eclipses? The effect is to cast all the planet's sunrises and sunsets on the moon. //, Website: Robert M. Candey Geographic abbreviations (used above): n = north, s = south, e = east, w = west, c = central. 'Once in a blue moon', suggests something is very rare. "If there are extra particles in the atmosphere, from say a recent volcanic eruption, the moon will appear a darker shade of red.". The Sun casts the Earth's shadow on the Moon's surface. Achtung! And if you have a news tip, correction or comment, let us know at: community@space.com. Thank you for signing up to Space. A total lunar eclipse usually happens within a few hours. The first lunar eclipse on Jan. 10-11 will be best viewed from Africa, Europe, Asia and Western Australia, according to NASA. Eclipses in 2020.

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