Then they flew back to the Mir space station to perform some system tests. Science missions. The first eleven Soviet cosmonauts, July 1965. February 2 - Eileen Collins became the first female Shuttle pilot. Mars Sample Return. Soviet and Russian cosmonauts born outside Russia, List of Soviet human spaceflight missions, List of Russian human spaceflight missions, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=List_of_cosmonauts&oldid=983094173, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 12 October 2020, at 06:05. The aluminum-alloy sphere orbited our planet 1,440 times over 21 days before losing its signal and, most importantly, sent the entire world into the Space Age. The USSR and later Russia have transported 49 citizens of 18 other nations on the Soyuz vehicle, usually as part of a commercial arrangement, including seven space tourists flying through the Space Adventures contract. All claimed Soviet or Russian citizenship at the time of their space flights. February 3 - Sergei Krikalev became the first Russian cosmonaut to fly on a Space Shuttle. The rover will travel across the Martian surface to search for signs of life. December - The Galileo probe began transmitting data on Jupiter. This is a list of NASA missions, both crewed and robotic, since its establishment in 1958. These space travelers have usually been referred to as "cosmonauts". This is a list of the human spaceflight missions conducted by the Soviet space programme.These missions belong to the Vostok, Voskhod, and Soyuz space programs.. These missions belong to the Vostok, Voskhod, and Soyuz space programs. Back row, left to right: Leonov, Titov, Bykovsky, Yegorov, Popovich; front row: Komarov, Gagarin, Tereshkova, Nikolayev, Feoktistov, Belyayev. This is a list of cosmonauts who have taken part in the missions of the Soviet space program and the Russian Federal Space Agency, including ethnic Russians and people of other ethnicities. 1997 Many cosmonauts, however, were born in Soviet territories outside the boundaries of Russia, and may be claimed by various Soviet successor states as nationals of those states. This is a list of the human spaceflight missions conducted by the Soviet space programme. The 125-day Soyuz T-15 mission was one of the most difficult and successful missions in Soviet space history. The Soviet mission … All of them flew as a result of the Interkosmos program. Earth imaging mission – as of 2015 last flight of a Soyuz spacecraft not targeted for a space station. Mars Sample Return is a series of missions by NASA and the European Space Agency to return samples from Mars’ surface to Earth by … There are over 80 currently active science missions.. X-Plane program. The first patch from the Soviet Space Program was wore by Valentina Tereshkova[1], then the same patch for the Voskhod 2, Soyuz 4/5 and Soyuz 11[2], Soyuz 3 had an official insignia that wasn't wore during the flight[3] and then in the Apollo–Soyuz program. Kizim and Solovyov activated the new Mir space station and then transferred over to Salyut 7 where they performed two spacewalks. Since 1945, NACA (NASA's predecessor) and, since 1958, NASA have conducted the X-Plane Program. Since 2001, the Soyuz has been used to transport ESA, JAXA, and NASA astronauts to the International Space Station. Test of redesigned two-person Soyuz craft. Soviet and Russian cosmonauts born outside Russia are marked with an asterisk and their place of birth is shown in an additional list. The Soviet Union was first in space, first with artificial satellites and then first with dogged missions, manned missions, womaned missions, and space stations. In 1982, as an extension of the Intercosmos program, the Soviet Union began to fly the citizens of countries not part of the Soviet bloc, starting with Jean-Loup Chrétien of France. After that and until Soyuz TM-12 "Juno" flight mission patches had been designed only for international missions.[4]. December - The Space Shuttle Endeavor made the first servicing mission of the Hubble Space Telescope. This is a list of cosmonauts who have taken part in the missions of the Soviet space program and the Russian Federal Space Agency, including ethnic Russians and people of other ethnicities. Comparison of NASA Mercury, Gemini, Apollo, and Space Shuttle spacecraft with their launch vehicles . All Soviet and RKA cosmonauts have been born within the borders of the U.S.S.R.; no cosmonaut who was born in independent Russia has yet flown. NASA was unable to … These space travelers are not always referred to as "cosmonauts", especially if they belong to another space program; e.g., NASA employees are almost always referred to as "astronauts", even if they are flying on a Russian vehicle. Last edited on 26 September 2020, at 19:51, "List of Soviet human spaceflight missions", Learn how and when to remove this template message, List of Russian human spaceflight missions, "Fifty years ago, first woman to fly in space wore world's first mission patch", https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=List_of_Soviet_human_spaceflight_missions&oldid=980484873, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, First man in space; first human orbital flight, First simultaneous flight of two crewed spacecraft, Joint mission with Vostok 6; longest solo orbital flight, Joint mission with Vostok 5; first woman in space. For subsequent Soyuz missions conducted by the Russian Federal Space Agency, see List of Russian human spaceflight missions. 1994. Rocket exploded before launch; crew capsule removed by, This page was last edited on 26 September 2020, at 19:51. ESA's ExoMars 2022 mission will deliver a European rover named Rosalind Franklin, and a Russian surface platform named Kazachok, to the surface of Mars. For the full plain lists of Russian and Soviet cosmonauts in Wikipedia, see Category:Russian cosmonauts, Four female cosmonauts have flown on the Soviet/Russian program: Valentina Tereshkova, Svetlana Savitskaya, Yelena Kondakova and Yelena Serova.[1]. 1995. 1 Commercially funded cosmonaut or other "spaceflight participant". From 1978–1988, the Soviet Union transported 11 citizens of 10 nations closely allied to the USSR in the Soyuz crewed vehicle.

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