The flight time from Cayenne to Paris is 8 hours and 10 minutes, and from Paris to Cayenne it is 8 hours and 30 minutes. It estimates populations and percentages of adherents of 100 religious denominations including second level subdivision within Christianity and Islam. Fewer than 10% survived their sentence.[11]. (Its population is less than ​1⁄200 that of Metropolitan France.) [39] The inauguration makes it possible to drive uninterrupted from Cayenne to Macapá, the capital of the state of Amapá in Brazil. French Guiana (/ɡiˈɑːnə/ or /ɡiˈænə/; French: Guyane [ɡɥijan]) is an overseas department and region of France on the northern Atlantic coast of South America in the Guianas. We've detected that you are using AdBlock Plus or some other adblocking software which is preventing the page from fully loading. 5,500 plant species have been recorded, including more than a thousand trees, along with 700 species of birds, 177 species of mammals, over 500 species of fish including 45% of which are endemic and 109 species of amphibians. The RCS Data Project would like to acknowledge, recognize, and express our deepest gratitude for the significant contributions of Todd M. Johnson, the principal investigator of the World Christian Database, the co-principal investigator of the World Religion Database, and co-author of the World Christian Encyclopedia series. The Religious Characteristics of States Dataset Project: Government Religious Preference (GRP) measures government-level favoritism toward, and disfavor against, 30 religious denominations. [27] The Guiana Space Centre employed 1,659 people in 2012. ); CIA World Factbooks 18 December 2003 to 28 March 2011; CIA World Factbook, 22 August 2006; Wikipedia: List of countries ranked by ethnic and cultural diversity level (Ethnic, Linguistic and Religious Fractionalization) (Natalka Patsiurko, John L. Campbell and John A. Roman Catholic majority, although there are other Christian churches. A series of ordered categorical variables index the state's institutional favoritism in 28 different ways. Other mountains include Mont Machalou (782 m, 2,566 ft), Pic Coudreau (711 m, 2,333 ft), Mont St Marcel (635 m, 2,083 ft), Mont Favard (200 m, 660 ft) and Montagne du Mahury (156 m, 512 ft). Pew Research Center . It is now possible to drive on a fully paved road from Saint-Laurent-du-Maroni on the Surinamese border to Saint-Georges de l'Oyapock on the Brazilian border. Garimpeiros returned to retrieve their lost loot and colleagues. There are many rivers in French Guiana, including the Waki River. French Guiana is the only territory of the mainland Americas to have full integration in a European country. French Guiana has some of the poorest soils in the world. Half of its 290,691 inhabitants in 2020 lived in the metropolitan area of Cayenne, its capital. The territory of the park covers some 33,900 km2 (13,090 sq mi) upon the communes of Camopi, Maripasoula, Papaïchton, Saint-Élie and Saül. The people identified as Lokono. We need money to operate the site, and almost all of it comes from our online advertising. French Guiana has a high level of biodiversity of both flora and fauna. The first French establishment is recorded in 1503, but France did not establish a durable presence until colonists founded Cayenne in 1643. [16], On March 20, 2017, French Guianese workers began going on strike and demonstrating for more resources and infrastructure. Retrieved 22 December 2011 . Before European contact, the territory was originally inhabited by Native Americans, most speaking the Arawak language, of the Arawakan language family. After French Guiana had been established as a penal colony, officials sometimes used convicts to catch butterflies. Among the military, police and security forces in French Guiana, are the following: At Easter, French Guianese people eat a traditional dish called Awara broth. It is largely responsible for the rapid population growth of French Guiana. Logging remains moderate due to the lack of roads, difficult climate, and difficult terrain. [citation needed], In the late 1970s and early 1980s, several hundred Hmong refugees from Laos immigrated to French Guiana, fleeing displacement after the communist takeover of Laos by Pathet Lao in 1975. This is due to the presence of old-growth forests (i.e., ancient/primary forests), which are biodiversity hotspots. It sends two elected representatives to the National Assembly and two to the Senate. There was some fighting among settlers. Becoming an instant bestseller, it was translated into English from the original French by June P. Wilson and Walter B. Michaels for a 1970 edition, and by author Patrick O'Brian. [40], The commander of the French armed forces in French Guiana since July 2009 has been General Jean-Pierre Hestin.

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+ How we made $200K with 4M downloads.

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