The fleet under Ferdinand Magellan sailed across the Atlantic Ocean to South America and Rio de Janeiro in 1519. Sailing by hugging the coast would have been ill advised in the Mediterranean and the Aegean Sea due to the rocky and dangerous coastlines and because of the sudden storms that plague the area that could easily cause a ship to crash. Sailors navigating in the Mediterranean made use of several techniques to determine their location, including staying in sight of land, understanding of the winds and their tendencies, knowledge of the sea’s currents, and observation of the positions of the sun and stars. led the five Spanish ships and 251 men in what was to become the first voyage around the World. The survivors managed to trade a bit with the East, but little was accomplished. Ferdinand Magellan (1480 – 27 April 1521) was born in Portugal in 1480, but would sail under the Spanish flag. this is a very interesting thing LOL!!!!!! Upon arrival at Cebu, Magellan was overcome with the religious excitement many of the natives had and decided he was going to convert them to Christianity. Magellan was asked to join in the fight and he agreed even though his crew members disapproved. Fill in your details below or click an icon to log in: You are commenting using your WordPress.com account. Create a free website or blog at WordPress.com. Then he started to search for a passage to the Pacific Ocean. They provided 5 ships for the expedition. While viceroy Ferdinand Magellan became an exceptional navigator and well-versed in naval warfare. and he led the five Spanish ships and 251 men in what was to become the first voyage around the World. The Spanish would eventually establish trade with the East, but it would be with their New World colonies. Avoiding conflict with Portugal would play to his advantage in years to come. Along the way he discovered new islands, water … Such as the freezing cold, fogginess and dangers of trying to navigate. ( Log Out /  Magellan was asked to join in the fight and he agreed even though his crew members disapproved. Only one ship made it home to Spain, the Victoria. His request was refused following the unfavourable reports from Morocco. Although some agreed, others did not, causing problems to arise and a fight to break out. The map was discovered in the monastery of San Michele in Isola, Murano, where the Camaldolese cartographer had his studio, and is now located in the final room of the Sale Monumenti in Venice, in the Museo Correr. After their death Queen Leonor made Magellan a page. The crew finished his voyage for him. 1521 April 27: Ferdinand Magellan was killed by natives on the island of Mactan. 1520 September : A storm destroys the Santiago and a mutiny breaks out. 1521 16 March Magellan discovers the Philippines. Magellan knew that Brazil was Portuguese territory so he sailed past it and put his anchor down near Rio de Janeiro. WHAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAT!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!! In 1492, Ferdinand of Aragon and Isabel of Castile commissioned. One of his teachers was believed to be the cartographer and navigator, Martin Behaim and Magellan become interested in making great voyages of discovery . In November him and his crew were the first to see the Pacific Ocean and called it Mar Pacifico. ( Log Out /  Magellan would continue northwest to find the wealth of Asia and establish a Spanish spice route. A copy of the world map was made by Fra Mauro and his assistant Andrea Bianco, a sailor-cartographer, under a commission by king Afonso V of Portugal. After arguing with King Manuel I, Magellan left Portugal and would not be seen again until he was sailing under the Spanish flag. King Charles agreed to fund them and granted them these five things: A monopoly of the discovered route for 10 years. It was a hard journey that took many months. he entered the straits which would be named the Magellan Straits – they were to be the first Europeans ever to sail across the Pacific.1521 13 February Magellan reached the Equator.1521 March 6: Magellan reached the Pacific island of Guam.1521 16 March Magellan discovers the Philippines.1521 April 27: Ferdinand Magellan was killed by natives on the island of Mactan.Only 110 of the original crew members remained so they abandoned one of the ships – the Conception.The Trinidad tried to return back to Spain the same way they had came but was forced to return to the Spice Islands where they were imprisoned by the Portuguese.The Victoria was the last remaining ship.1522, September 6  the Victoria reached Sanlucar de Barrameda in Spain with only eighteen survivors.The momentous voyage of Ferdinand Magellan had taken nearly three years and many lives, http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=iwzoH2a-E4A. Ferdinand Magellan - Ferdinand Magellan - Circumnavigation of the globe: After Magellan’s death only two of the ships, the Trinidad and the Victoria, reached the Moluccas. He joined the expedition of Francisco d’Almeida to India from 1505 .in 1512, He took part in the Portuguese expedition to Morocco and was badly wounded.He had a major disagreement with a commanding officer and left the service without prior permission .Then he asked King Manuel of Portugal for permission to sail to the Spice Islands in the Far East. Amidst all of this, a captain (who had been sailing with him) by the name of San Antonio, decided to go back to Spain and took the majority of the supplies with him. But after searching for a long time, winter began to set in and some of the men began to rebel. Posted on July 28, 2018 By: Author Russell Yost. It was easily squashed and the instigators were impaled on the coast. His expedition would become the first to circumnavigate the earth, although he did not complete the voyage. His father, Rodrigo de Magalhaes, served as a much-respected chamberlain of the king. He convinced King Charles I of Spain to support his voyage to the Spice Islands . Spanish Expeditions to the Philippines . The strait was three hundred fifty miles long and took over a month to pass through. Granting an island to him that was not one of the six richest. NOT. The crew continued on and in November 1520, after traveling through the strait for thirty eight days, they emerged on an ocean they had never seen before...the Pacific Ocean, which they named Mar Pacifico because of its calm waters in comparison to the strait’s waters. Juan Sebastian de Elcano took charge of the vessel after the murder of Magellan and, with 18 remaining crew members, managed to survive the voyage. The Portuguese had begun trading with the natives during the time between Magellan’s banishment from King Manuel’s court and King Charles’ funding of Magellan’s voyage. The fleet under Ferdinand Magellan sailed across the Atlantic Ocean to South America and Rio de Janeiro in 1519. The Fra Mauro map, “considered the greatest memorial of medieval cartography” according to Roberto Almagia ,is a map made around 1450 by the Italian monk Fra Mauro. Ferdinand Magellan, a Portuguese in the service of the Spanish crown, was looking for a westward route to the to the Spice Islands of Indonesia.On March 16, 1521, Magellan's expedition landed on Homonhon island in the Philippines.He was the first European to reach the islands. King Charles promised Magellan one-fifth of the profits from the voyage to the Spice Islands . Gonzalo Gómez de Espinosa, Magellan’s master-at-arms, attempted to return to Spain on the Trinidad, but it soon became evident that the ship was no longer seaworthy. He would devote himself to the study of the possibility of a new passageway to the East. Change ), You are commenting using your Twitter account. Change ), You are commenting using your Google account. In. After his death, a man by the name of Sebastian del Cano led the two remaining ships back to the Spice Islands to secure their spices and set sail back to Spain. This would be the only way the west could travel to Asia by using the western route until the Panama Canal was finished in 1914. A few short years afterwards the Portuguese had established a lucrative spice trade with India through Vasco da Gama who along with Bartolomeu Dias discovered the eastern route around the tip of Africa. Their palaces and mountaintop sanctuaries exhibit architectural features that align with the rising sun on the equinoxes, as well as the rising and setting of particular stars.The Minoans made sea voyages to the island of Thera and to Egypt.Both of these trips would have taken more than a day’s sail for the Minoans and would have left them traveling by night across open water.Here the sailors would use the locations of particular stars, especially those of the constellation Ursa Major, to orient the ship in the correct direction. Magellan easily avoided them and sailed to the Canary Islands where he stopped for a short-period and then sailed to Cape Verde and then to Cape St. Augustine in Brazil. Magellan’s expedition of 1519–1522 became the first expedition to sail from the Atlantic Ocean into the Pacific Ocean (then named “peaceful sea” by Magellan; the passage being made via the Strait of Magellan), and the first to cross the Pacific. They did not have the military power to compete with nations such as France, Spain, England or the Holy Roman Empire, but their economic strength made them a formidable enemy because they would be able to fund a defensive campaign. This would be confirmed when Sir Francis Drake of England circumnavigated the earth and found the bones of the mutinous crew on the coast. But one ship was attacked by another Portuguese ship and was left shipwrecked. It is a circular planisphere drawn on parchment and set in a wooden frame, about two meters in diameter. October 21, 1520- Magellan and his crew found a water passageway through the tip of Africa, which they named the Strait of Magellan. Even-so Spain’s economy boomed with the New World’s discovery and new trade was established with new natural resources. The voyage continued without him and the surviving men sailed throughout the east and around the coast of Africa and into the Spanish harbor.

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How we made $200K with 4M downloads.