The Battle of the Atlantic wasn’t the most “glamorous” campaign, says Blazich. Uncertainty dominated sailors’ days, as the enemy could strike at any time. The detail that goes into ‘The Good Shepherd’ displays the keen research that Forester must have indulged in during his writing process. As Blazich explains, the conflict was centered chiefly on supplies: An island nation, the United Kingdom required a steady flow of imported goods and raw materials, many of which originated in the U.S. This tenuous period serves as the backdrop to Greyhound, whose trailer declares, “The only thing more dangerous than the front lines was the fight to get there.”. Set in the winter of 1942, Greyhound—a nod to the nickname of the U.S.S. Ernest Krause. “There would have been no Mediterranean campaign, no D-Day, no VE or VJ Days. If, however, the U-boat was destroyed, none “of this could happen; if she were even kept down for an hour or two while the convoy again made good its escape, the business of finding the convoy again would be made much more difficult for the Germans, much more prolonged, possibly too difficult altogether.”, Overall, says Blazich, “It’s stressful. “Logistics,” notes the curator, “are one of the most critical components of war.”. U-boats can go on entire patrols and never see another ship.”, On the flip side, U-boat missions could be incredibly dangerous, particularly toward the end of the war as Allied equipment improved: “These men that have gone through months and months, maybe years, of training, their first attempt to go to sea, they’ll get sunk literally within sight of land in some cases, maybe no more than a day out of port.”. For the next ten minutes, crew members unable to properly aim the destroyer’s guns at such close proximity barraged the U-boat with “every rifle, submachine gun [and] machine gun they could find,” says Blazich. His most famous work comes in the form of the Horatio Hornblower series, for which he wrote a total of twelve books. Vote Now! The story of ‘Greyhound’ takes place in the thick of the Second World War. He would find a way around the real history to create a fictional one for his character with an acute sense of accuracy. At the center of it is Tom Hanks’ Ernest Krause. Give a Gift. He failed the physical test but did support the cause by writing propaganda to encourage the United States to join the war for the Allies. Ernest Krause (July 3, 1866 – unknown) was an American coxswain serving in the United States Navy during the Spanish–American War who received the Medal of Honor for bravery. Borie and U-boat U-405. If a U-boat spotted a convoy and escaped unscathed, it could radio the vessels’ location to headquarters or collaborate with a “wolf pack of colleagues to intercept and to launch a mass attack,” observes Krause in The Good Shepherd. Over the course of the six-year battle, as many as 80,000 Allied sailors, merchant mariners and airmen were killed. U-boats survived through stealth, traveling on the surface by night and submerging during the day. Tom Hanks’ latest film, Greyhound, spotlights this much-overlooked chapter in naval history, building on the World War II buff’s previous credits (most prominently, Saving Private Ryan, “Band of Brothers” and “The Pacific”) to offer a claustrophobia-inducing dramatization of the battle between Allied ships and German submarines, or U-boats. Born on July 3, 1866, in Lübeck, Germany, Krause was living in New York City when he enlisted in the U.S. After the U.S. entered the conflict in December 1941, U-boats enjoyed great success off the East Coast: Between January and July 1942, 90 ships (including four U-boats) sank off the coast of North Carolina, and more than 1,100 merchant seamen died, according to the Monitor National Marine Sanctuary. [2], List of Medal of Honor recipients for the Spanish–American War, United States Army Center of Military History, https://www.findagrave.com/memorial/63674701/ernest-krause, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Ernest_Krause&oldid=968513617, American military personnel of the Spanish–American War, United States Navy Medal of Honor recipients, Spanish–American War recipients of the Medal of Honor, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 19 July 2020, at 21:16. It has a Royal Navy officer as its protagonist and the setting is the Napoleonic wars. Apple TV Plus’ ‘Greyhound’ stars Tom Hanks in the role of a US Navy Commander who is sent on his first wartime mission, which is where his leadership and skill are tested through a brutal battle. During the operation and facing heavy enemy fire, Krause continued to perform his duties throughout this action. Later in life, the prime minister famously claimed that the “only thing that ever really frightened me during the war was the U-boat peril.” (It’s worth noting, however, that modern historians have since questioned Churchill’s handling of the Atlantic campaign.). Again, he never claimed to have based his stories on a real person, and so, none of his heroes were ever real people. Greyhound takes place at a critical moment in the Battle of the Atlantic, which began in September 1939 and only ended with the Germans’ surrender on May 8, 1945. There is also no confirmation of whether Forester used him as the inspiration for his character in the novel. As for his own experience, Forester never served in the War. Between 1939 and 1945, the Allies lost more than 2,700 merchant ships; in that same time, around 800 of Germany’s 1,100 U-boats sank. An estimated 28,000 to 30,000 U-boat crewmen died—a staggering rate amounting to roughly 70 percent of the 41,000 German sailors who fought in the campaign. In this series as well, he relies on real events to carve out the hardest challenges for his hero to overcome. Navy. He took a similar approach with ‘The Good Shepherd’, which eventually found its way to the screens. Forester’s 1955 novel, The Good Shepherd (not to be confused with the 2006 film The Good Shepherd about the founding of the CIA). © 2020 Cinemaholic Inc. All rights reserved. You don’t know if it is hit and you have to go in the water, will you be found? He was a coxswain who served during the Spanish-American War of 1898. If Greyhound adopts the same storytelling approach, consider watching Wolfgang Petersen’s 1981 film Das Boot, which captures the “boredom, filth and sheer terror” experienced by U-boat crews. While the movie finds Tom Hanks' Commander Ernest Krause and the convoy caught up in the Battle of the Atlantic over a five-day period in the latter part of 1942, the battle actually spanned almost the entirety of the war, beginning on September 3, 1939 and ending on May 8, 1945. By the end, his mettle in the face of worst dangers not only earns him the respect of his crew but also makes us wonder if he was a real person and what happened to him after the war. When traveling in a convoy, for instance, sudden orders to change direction meant upward of 40 ships had to coordinate their movements simultaneously. Rank and organization: Coxswain, U.S. Navy. The vast, global supply chain upon which the Allies depended … would have been cut, and with it the lifeline.”, Winston Churchill coined the phrase “Battle of the Atlantic” in March 1941, “deliberately echoing the Battle of Britain to emphasize its importance,” according to the Imperial War Museum. “It’s very hard, rough work,” says Blazich, “and it can be very boring. Instead, it was “a very complicated battle that require[d] massive amounts of coordination, the development of new weapons technologies, tactics [and] science.” Among other tasks, crew members worked to improve radar and sonar, finetune the use of explosives, and intercept enemy intelligence. There are no records of how long he lived after the war, if he survived it at all. There was no real George Krause, either, on whom Forester could’ve based his protagonist. In the early years of the battle, Germany held the naval advantage, easily picking off weakly defended merchant ships, albeit while sustaining heavy losses of its own. "We will bring hell down from up high," Ernest Krause (Tom Hanks) tells his marines in a crucial scene of Greyhound.. Set in 1942, at the height of the Battle of the Atlantic, the movie tells the story of a professional Naval Captain heading to the front for the first time, capturing how he takes on the mighty task of commanding a convoy of 37 ships to triumph over a wolf pack of Nazi U-boats. Bennett—shifted the tide of battle as the conflict stretched on, and by May 1943, victory was all but guaranteed. Hanks, who stars as United States Navy Commander Ernest Krause, adapted the screenplay from C.S. 17th Annual Photo Contest Finalists Announced. Hanks' Navy Officer Cmdr. Hanks, who stars as United States Navy Commander Ernest Krause, adapted the screenplay from C.S. Crew members had to balance long periods of monotony with the constant need to stay alert. The movie focuses on an envoy of thirty-seven ships and Commander Ernest Krause who leads the charge to keep them safe. [1] He served in the Spanish–American War aboard the USS Nashville (PG-7) as a coxswain. Editor’s Note, June 11, 2020: This piece originally stated that Greyhound would premiere June 12 on Apple TV+. Forester’s novel is told from its protagonist’s point of view, meaning that readers never see what life is like on the other side of the battle.

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