By continuing to use this site, you consent to the terms of our cookie policy, which can be found in our. Dorothy Vaughan became an expert FORTRAN programmer, and she also contributed to the Scout Launch Vehicle Program. [4] Vaughan began work for NACA at the Langley Research Center in Hampton, Virginia, in 1943. She was relatively unknown until 2016, when a book by Margot Lee Shetterly—Hidden Figures—drew attention to the contributions of Vaughan and other so-called West Computers. She made important contributions to the early years of the United States space program . In 2016, the film Hidden Figures documented her career at NASA. [3] Vaughan received a full-tuition scholarship from West Virginia Conference of the A.M.E. Sunday School Convention[4] to attend Wilberforce University in Wilberforce, Ohio. After the U.S. defense industry desegregated, Vaughan worked with leading computer operators and engineers, becoming an expert in the FORTRAN programming coding language at NASA. Her family moved to West Virginia in 1917. Vaughan died on November 10, 2008, in Hampton, Virginia. Dorothy Vaughan was born on September 20, 1910 in Missouri. By signing up for this email, you are agreeing to news, offers, and information from Encyclopaedia Britannica. Gender. First Name Dorothy. Vaughan also served as the first African American manager at what would become the National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA). Dorothy Vaughan (Shafto) Birthdate: 1733: Death: September 12, 1806 (72-73) Devon, England, United Kingdom Immediate Family: Daughter of John Shafto, MP and Mary Shafto Wife of Wilmot Vaughan, 1st Earl of Lisburne Mother of Dorothy Elizabeth Vaughan and John Vaughan, 3rd Earl of Lisburne Sister of Robert Shafto, MP. We hope you and your family enjoy the NEW Britannica Kids. Vaughan and other female African American mathematicians are the subject of a 2016 film Hidden Figures. Dorothy Johnson Vaughan worked as a mathematician on the SCOUT Launch Vehicle Program that sent America’s first satellites into space. found in Wales, Select Births and Baptisms, 1541-1907. The wife of U.S. President Lyndon B. Johnson, Lady Bird Johnson served as first lady from 1963 to 1969. Dorothy Vaughan, née Dorothy Johnson, (born September 20, 1910, Kansas City, Missouri, U.S.—died November 10, 2008, Hampton, Virginia), American mathematician and computer programmer who made important contributions to the early years of the U.S. space program and who was the first African American manager at the National Advisory Committee for Aeronautics (NACA), which later became part of the National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA). She came to the Langley Memorial Aeronautical Laboratory thinking that it would be a temporary war job. The initials "G.I." sfn error: no target: CITEREFShetterly2016 (, National Advisory Committee for Aeronautics, Hidden Figures: The Story of the African-American Women Who Helped Win the Space Race, "H.R.1396 - Hidden Figures Congressional Gold Medal Act", "The Hidden Black Women Who Helped Win the Space Race", "Dorothy Vaughan: NASA's 'Human Computer' and American Hero", "Thrilled to announce that this small (3 km) crater on the Moon now has a name - Vaughan! Prior to arriving at NACA's Langley Memorial Aeronautical Laboratory in 1943, Vaughan worked as a math teacher at R.R. Female. She was portrayed by the Academy Award winner, Octavia Spencer. She was the daughter of Annie and Leonard Johnson. At NACA, she was responsible for calculating mathematical computations for engineers conducting aeronautical experiments in wind tunnels on the variables affecting drag and lift of aircraft. [10], Vaughan continued after NASA, the successor agency, was established in 1958. In December 1943 she started working for NACA’s West Area Computing unit, a group of African American female mathematicians who were considered “human computers,” performing complex computations and analyzing data for aerospace engineers. However, even with the executive order, state and local laws required "colored" mathematicians to work separately from their white female counterparts. A beneficiary of President Franklin D. Roosevelt’s Executive Order 8802, Vaughan was among the first group of African Americans to be hired as mathematicians and scientists. Despite these conditions, Vaughan was promoted to lead the West Computers in 1949. Their work expanded in the postwar years to support research and design for the United States' space program, which was emphasized under President John F. Kennedy. Vaughan retired from NASA in 1971, at the age of 61. 6. Dorothy Johnson Vaughan (September 20, 1910 – November 10, 2008) was an American mathematician and human computer who worked for the National Advisory Committee for Aeronautics (NACA), and NASA, at Langley Research Center in Hampton, Virginia. Katherine Johnson. Our editors will review what you’ve submitted and determine whether to revise the article. During the final decade of her career, Vaughan worked closely with fellow NASA mathematicians Katherine G. Johnson and Mary Jackson on the launch of astronaut John Glenn into orbit, which brought confidence back to America’s space program. She would become the first African-American woman to be head of personnel at the NACA. If you see something that doesn't look right, contact us! Dorothy Vaughan died on November 10, 2008. Dorothy Vaughan was an American mathematician. [6] In 1932, she married Howard Vaughan, who died in 1955. In 1929 she graduated with a degree in mathematics from Wilberforce University in Xenia, Ohio. She worked as a math teacher in Virginia and married Howard S. Vaughan. It was adapted as a biographical film of the same name, also released in 2016. Although encouraged by professors to do graduate study at Howard University,[4] Vaughan worked as a mathematics teacher at Robert Russa Moton High School in Farmville, Virginia, in order to assist her family during the Great Depression. She also wrote a song called "Math Math". Movie Actress. She is known for singing "Send in the Clowns" and "Broken-Hearted Melody.". In 1943, the family moved to Newport News, Virginia, and Vaughan was employed as a mathematician at the National Advisory Committee for Aeronautics (the predecessor agency to NASA) in what she thought would be a temporary job. We would like to express to you our deepest thanks for your contribution. In 1932, she married Howard Vaughan. To share with more than one person, separate addresses with a comma. Lonnie G. Johnson is a former Air Force and NASA engineer who invented the massively popular Super Soaker water gun. [2] They were also required to use separate dining and bathroom facilities. In 1949, she became acting supervisor of the West Area Computers, the first African-American woman to supervise a group of staff at the center. She contributed to the space program through her work on the Scout Launch Vehicle Program. After translating an article, all tools except font up/font down will be disabled. She worked on the SCOUT Launch Vehicle Program that shot satellites into space. She later headed the programming section of the Analysis and Computation Division (ACD) at Langley. Dorothy Vaughan interesting facts, biography, family, updates, life, childhood facts, information and more: Dorothy Johnson Vaughan (1910–2008) was an African American mathematician who worked at the National Advisory Committee for Aeronautics (NACA), the predecessor agency to NASA. She joined the Alpha Kappa Alphachapter at Wilberforce and graduated in … Fast Facts: Dorothy Vaughan. Dorothy Johnson Vaughan was an African American mathematics teacher who became one of the leading mathematical engineers in early days of the aerospace industry. Her family moved to Morgantown, West Virginia, where she graduated from Beechurst High School in 1925 as her class valedictorian.

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How we made $200K with 4M downloads.