By staying up-to-date on cold weather-related events, hospitals may prepare for an increase of admissions of victims of frostbite and hypothermia. In the mid-latitude regions, temperature extremes are most common June through August, and December through February. This is a drop of atmospheric average temperature well above the averages of a region, with effects on human populations, crops, properties and services. Cold wave; Climate of India; References. Heat wave impacts are widespread. Promote risk reduction measures, as well as support preventative measures, so that economic activity may not be as affected. Emergency response guidelines on cold wave[9]: Listen to the radio or television for weather reports and emergency information. If possible, raise the floor a few inches off the ground and cover with cedar shavings or straw. In order to feed livestock, farmers have to pay high prices for buying their food. Although they happen more slowly and are more difficult to see than a tornado or an earthquake, "heat waves" and "cold snaps" are deadly natural hazards. Never leave children or pets alone in closed vehicles. Contribute. Use a buddy system when working in extreme heat, and take frequent breaks. [Source: The World Bank]. North Indian Cold Wave (2011) is the cold snap affected across northern parts of India in the winter of 2011, killing more than 130 people. Assessments were ongoing to identify people who were displaced by conflict in Kandahar and Hilmand provinces. This article about disaster management or a disaster is a stub. 2 Feb 2019; IFRC: Algeria: Cold Wave - Emergency Plan of Action (EPoA) Operation Update n° 1 DREF n° MDRDZ004. Temperature extremes are most common in the mid-latitude regions, especially near the interior of large continents, such as North America. Humanitarian aid operations have been hindered by the closure of key roads, including the Salang Tunnel and the Kabul-Kandahar Highway. In alpine areas, which are typically above 3500 m (11,500 ft) depending on latitude, extreme low temperatures can occur for nine months or more during a year[1]. Check on family, friends, and neighbors who do not have air conditioning and who spend much of their time alone. Get Started; Activities; Topics; Resources; Countries; Toolkits; You are here. Unusually high summer temperatures raise power demand for air conditioning, increase heat stress on crops, and may create dangerous conditions for human health. Humid or muggy conditions, which add to the discomfort of high temperatures, occur when a "dome" of high atmospheric pressure traps hazy, damp air near the ground. Illnesses caused by exposure to high temperatures include heat cramps, fainting, heat exhaustion, heatstroke, and death. Listen to weather forecasts regularly, and check you emergency supplies whenever a period of extreme cold is predicted. In Herat Province (central-west Afghanistan) and Kandahar Province (central Afghanistan), several houses have collapsed. Curated pages dedicated to humanitarian themes and specific humanitarian crises. A cold wave (known in some regions as a cold snap or cold spell) is a weather phenomenon that is distinguished by a cooling of the air. Overview. Three members of a family were killed and two women and a child were injured when a room collapsed in Qalat district in Zabul province. List of alerts, ongoing and past disasters covered by ReliefWeb. IPCC indicate that cold extreme cold extremes warm faster than warm extremes by about 30% – 40% globally averaged (Andreas Strerl et al, 2008). Here, without the moderating effects of the oceans, winter minimum temperatures can drop below -20°C (-4°F) and above 40°C (104°F) for several weeks. ALARMED by the changing climatic patterns, the Centre is likely to include either cold wave or frost in the disaster relief fund. Find latest updates on global humanitarian responses, Afghanistan: Humanitarian Response Plan 2018-2021 (2020 Mid-Year Monitoring Report), Afghanistan: ESNFI Cluster Winterization Update, April 2020, IOM - Humanitarian Assistance Programme (HAP) Biweekly Report (15 April - 28 April 2020), View all Afghanistan: Cold Wave - Jan 2020 Updates, Afghanistan: ESNFI Cluster Winterization Update, January 2020, Afghanistan: Winterization Response Dashboard (08 January 2020), View all Afghanistan: Cold Wave - Jan 2020 Maps and Infographics, Asia and the Pacific: Weekly Regional Humanitarian Snapshot (14 - 20 January 2020), Afghanistan Humanitarian Bulletin Issue 83 | 1 October–31 December 2019, Iran, Afghanistan, Pakistan | Severe Weather – DG ECHO Daily Map | 13/01/2020, Afghanistan: Weekly Humanitarian Update (6 January - 12 January 2019). Below are some examples: Europe Meteoalarm http://www.meteoalarm.eu/, Regional forecasts from the WMO http://www.worldweather.org/asia.htm, Links to national weather services provided by the WMO: http://www.wmo.int/pages/members/index_en.html, South African weather service: http://www.weathersa.co.za/Menus/WXandClimate.jsp, United States, NOAA (National oceanic and atmospheric administration): http://www.noaa.gov/wx.html, [1] http://www.naturalhazards.org/hazards/temperature/index.html, [2] http://www.semo.state.ny.us/uploads/Section%203.H%20-%20Extreme%20Heat%20Hazard%20Profile.pdf, [3] http://heat-waves.org/wp-content/uploads/2008/06/definition-of-a-heat-wave.pdf, [4] http://www.srccc.org/pdf/Heat%20Wave%202.pdf, [5] http://www.pewclimate.org/docUploads/Regional-Impacts-Midwest.pdf, [6] http://www.fema.gov/hazard/heat/heat_during.shtm, [7] http://saarc-sdmc.nic.in/pdf/cold.pdf, [8] http://www.mapsofworld.com/referrals/weather/weather-phenomenon/cold-wave.html, [9] http://www.uwinnipeg.ca/index/emergency-guide-cold-wave, [10] http://ocha.unog.ch/drptoolkit/HExtremeTemperature.html#ccc, Zircon - This is a contributing Drupal Theme, External In Person Training Opportunities, http://www.wmo.int/pages/members/index_en.html, http://www.weathersa.co.za/Menus/WXandClimate.jsp, http://www.naturalhazards.org/hazards/temperature/index.html, http://www.semo.state.ny.us/uploads/Section%203.H%20-%20Extreme%20Heat%20Hazard%20Profile.pdf, http://heat-waves.org/wp-content/uploads/2008/06/definition-of-a-heat-wave.pdf, http://www.srccc.org/pdf/Heat%20Wave%202.pdf, http://www.pewclimate.org/docUploads/Regional-Impacts-Midwest.pdf, http://www.fema.gov/hazard/heat/heat_during.shtm, http://www.mapsofworld.com/referrals/weather/weather-phenomenon/cold-wave.html, http://www.uwinnipeg.ca/index/emergency-guide-cold-wave, http://ocha.unog.ch/drptoolkit/HExtremeTemperature.html#ccc, 1-Heatwave_Impacts_Environment Agency England.pdf, 3-Heatwave_Emergency Action_CERT Los Angels.pdf, 4-Heatwave_Mitigation_GIS mitigation for urban area_American Society of Civil Engineers.pdf, 5-Heatwave_Mitigation_National Disaster Education Coalition.pdf, 6-Cold Wave_Impacts_India_Indian Council of Agricultural Research.pdf. Humanitarian situation reports, response plans, news, analyses, evaluations, assessments, maps, infographics and more on Afghanistan: Cold Wave - Jan 2020 Remember to plan for your pets. Persons who have epilepsy or heart, kidney, or liver disease; are on fluid-restricted diets; or have a problem with fluid retention should consult a doctor before increasing liquid intake. International weather forecasts are the main source of information. Use the search box and filters below to better find what you’re looking for. [Source: CDC]. Home and car preparation in advance of winter emergencies and observing safety precautions during times of extremely cold weather can reduce the risk of weather-related health problems. We advocate for effective and principled humanitarian action by all, for all. Learn about heat wave mitigation using GIS and an action from National Disaster Education Coalition (NDEC). For this purpose, consult for example: WMO's World Weather Information Service: http://www.worldweather.org/, WMO's Severe Weather Information Centre also provides forecasts on severe weather events, which are likely to occur worldwide. Disaster description; Affected Countries; Latest. A cold wave is a weather phenomenon that is distinguished by marked cooling of the air, or the invasion of very cold air, over a large area. They can however be managed by proper disaster plans that regulate authorities and emergency facilities in case of a heat or cold wave[10]. Drink plenty of water. See also. Most deaths occur in urban areas where concrete, asphalt, and physical structures raise temperatures in urban heat islands, and nighttime temperatures remain above average.

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