Set in a dilapidated London Underground station during World War II, this production was given a 5-star review by The Stage for its "radical" reimagining of Cats. Within his song, a whole steam train engine is assembled out of objects in the junkyard. [392] Additionally, a song entitled "Cat Morgan Introduces Himself" was cut during initial development. [168] Following further revisions in 2018,[169] the current incarnation features 27 named cats, including both Jemima and Sillabub (who have evolved into two separate characters), and an original character named Gilbert. [19], The musical was scheduled to open on 30 April 1981, with previews starting on 22 April. This made Lynne the first non-royal woman to have a West End theatre named after her. In 1997, The New York Times credited the regional and touring productions of Cats with "almost single-handedly reviv[ing] the sagging road business". Rum Tum Tugger was reworked from a ladies-man rockstar to a breakdancing street cat. Lloyd Webber personally underwrote the musical and took out a second mortgage on his house for the down payment of the theatre. Known as the "original conjuring cat", Mr. Mistoffelees can perform feats of magic that no other cat can do. The London production ran for 21 years and 8,949 performances, while the Broadway production ran for 18 years and 7,485 performances, making Cats the longest-running musical in both theatre districts for a number of years. As Munkustrap and his troop give chase, Demeter and Bombalurina explain what they know about Macavity ("Macavity: The Mystery Cat"). [292] The film was to be set in war-torn London during World War II, but the project was abandoned with the studio's closure in 1997. Broadway Sacramento staged the musical in 2003 and 2009 at the Wells Fargo Pavilion. CAT – (THE PLAY!!! [126][127] In January 2019, a new North American Equity tour based on the 2016 Broadway revival opened at the Providence Performing Arts Center in Rhode Island, and is scheduled to run through June 2020. [323], Cats introduced a marketing strategy that set the template for subsequent megamusicals. [291], Steven Spielberg's former animation studio Amblimation had planned an animated adaptation of the musical in the 1990s. [16] The original London production of Cats was also the first known instance in which an entire cast was individually outfitted with radio microphones. [120][231] The Sydney production cost $3 million to mount and grossed a record $28 million. [1], One of Nunn's stipulations for agreeing to direct Practical Cats was that actress Judi Dench would be cast in the musical. [3] The plot centres on a tribe of cats called the Jellicles, as they come together at the annual Jellicle Ball to decide which one of them will ascend to the Heaviside Layer (their version of heaven) and be reborn into a new life.

[11] Meanwhile, Mackintosh recruited Nunn, the then artistic director of the Royal Shakespeare Company (RSC), to direct Practical Cats. [34] Instead of a conventional proscenium, the theatre was quasi-in-the-round with a central revolving stage. He is very picky and quite ungrateful, always wanting the opposite of what he is given. [175], The show was staged at the Det Ny Teater in Copenhagen, Denmark, in the 2002–2003 season.

Long-running foreign productions include a 15-year run at the Operettenhaus in Hamburg that played over 6,100 performances, as well as an ongoing run in a purpose-built theatre in Japan that has played over 10,000 performances since it opened in 1983. [165], Similar to the original London staging, the set of the 1,200-capacity CATS Theatre is built on a revolving stage floor such that during the overture, the stage and sections of the stalls revolve approximately 180 degrees into place. [118], The fourth national company, Cats National IV, toured the United States for 13 years from March 1987 to December 1999. Other credits: Nic was nominated for the prestigious Theatre Managers Association Award for Best Performance in a Musical. Cats opened new regional, touring and international markets that the industry continues to capitalise on. He is a wise old cat who "has lived many lives" and is tasked with choosing which Jellicle will go to the Heaviside Layer every year. [272], Spanish and Portuguese-language productions of Cats have been staged in South America, with productions in Argentina in 1993 (with Olivia Bucio as Grizabella),[178] in Chile in 2006 (at the Arena Santiago)[273] and 2014,[274] in Colombia in 2009,[275] and in Brazil in 2010 (with Paula Lima as Grizabella). [18], Meanwhile, Mackintosh engaged the advertising agency Dewynters to design a poster for the musical. [26], The development of Cats was also plagued by financial troubles. The Naming of Cats; The Invitation to the Jellicle Ball; The Old Gumbie Cat; The Rum Tum Tugger; Grizabella, the Glamour Cat; Bustopher Jones; Mungojerrie and Rumpleteazer; Old Deutronomy; The Jellicle Ball; Grizabella, The Glamour Cat; Memory; Cd 2. [324], Additionally, Cats was the first Broadway and West End show to capitalise on merchandising as a major revenue stream. The youngest of all the cats, Jemima loves adventure. [201] An English/German-language "Eurotour" production also toured the region from May 1994 to December 1995. With acceptance and encouragement from Jemima and Victoria, her appeal succeeds and she is chosen to be the one to go to the Heaviside Layer and be reborn into a new Jellicle life ("The Journey to the Heaviside Layer"). [114][115] Cats National II, a separate sit-down production at the Los Angeles Shubert Theatre, ran from January 1985 to November 1986, and starred Kim Criswell and George de la Peña in the roles of Grizabella and Mistoffelees respectively. [269], The musical has also been translated and staged nationally in Asia. In the original London and Broadway productions, she climbs up a stairway that emerges from the ceiling. [170], There have been numerous notable performers in the Japanese production, including Shintarō Sonooka as Munkustrap (original 1983 cast),[171] Kanji Ishimaru as Skimbleshanks (1992),[172] Masachika Ichimura, and Mayo Kawasaki. After the Jellicle Ball, Old Deuteronomy contemplates "what happiness is", referring to Grizabella. [297], The original London production received mostly rave reviews, with critics hailing it as a watershed moment in British musical theatre. [218][219], English-language touring companies have also toured the European region extensively. Following Cats, they collaborated on other global blockbusters including Starlight Express (composed by Lloyd Webber, directed by Nunn and designed by Napier), Les Misérables (directed by Nunn, designed by Napier and produced by Mackintosh), and The Phantom of the Opera (composed by Lloyd Webber, choreographed by Lynne and produced by Mackintosh). [283] The production began playing in autumn 2014 and the cast is rotated every nine months. [110] Scherzinger, who played Grizabella in the 2014 West End revival, had originally agreed to reprise the role on Broadway but later withdrew.

Mungojerrie and Rumpleteazer are mischeivious cats who love getting into trouble. [145] The tour closed at the Manchester Opera House in December 1995. [15] Nunn was also convinced that for the musical to have the wide commercial appeal that the producers desired, it could not remain as a series of isolated numbers but instead had to have a narrative through line. [120][129] A second All-Canadian company began at Toronto's former Panasonic Theatre in May 2013 and ran for four months & 128 performances, 28 years after the original production. Allo stabile regionale prima Italiana del tour del musical piu amato della storia", "Efter 20 år – nu får Pernilla sjunga "Memory" i "Cats, "Muzikálová diva Katarína Hasprová: Pravda o rivalstve so Sklovskou! [324][317] Billington also specifically traces the rise of the jukebox musical genre back to Cats, citing the latter's disregard for dramatic text in favour of an all-encompassing theatrical experience. [83], Lynne choreographed the original London production with a dance crew consisting of her assistant Lindsay Dolan, the dance captain Jo-Anne Robinson, and cast members Finola Hughes and John Thornton. Such a rapid familiarity and identification of purpose can be achieved through pastiche. A tyre rises from the piles of junk, carrying Grizabella and Old Deuteronomy partway toward the sky; Grizabella then completes the journey on her own. I immediately decided that I needed the support of another to encourage me to re-work my settings and to see if a dramatic whole could be woven from the delightful verse that I was now to be allowed to develop.

Break the Musical!, a parody mashup of Keeping Up with the Kardashians and Cats by Bob and Tobly McSmith, premiered Off-Broadway at the Elektra Theatre in June 2016. [82][85] She recalled the difficulty she faced in persuading Lloyd Webber to add the extended dance break, culminating in her and her dance crew having to dance all the parts in the "Jellicle Ball" to convince him.

[91] Adding to the experience, the show usually includes a lot of audience interaction, such as during the overture when the cast don flashing "green eyes" as they make their way through the audience in the darkened theatre. [120][194] Jorma Uotinen directed and choreographed a Finnish production at the Helsinki City Theatre that ran for over two years from September 1986 to December 1988, and featured Monica Aspelund as Grizabella, Heikki Kinnunen as Gus, and Kristiina Elstelä as Jennyanydots/Griddlebone. He displays his magical powers in a dance solo and uses them to restore the lights and bring back Old Deuteronomy. [100] It played a total of 8,949 performances before closing on its 21st anniversary, 11 May 2002.

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+ How we made $200K with 4M downloads.

How we made $200K with 4M downloads.