If my offense is unintentional, the law has no cognizance of my unintentional offenses. Now, if death be of such a nature, I say that to die is a gain, for eternity is then only a single night. Socrates 's Argument At 30a B Of The Apology 1386 Words | 6 Pages. Two, unintentional corruption is foolish, but not illegal. ask for as punishment? In this case, it is the important either/or, that any corruption of the youth is either intentional or unintentional.
So if we believe Socrates that we should pursue wisdom, the third premise is appropriate. Meletus' assertion is that everyone else improves the youth, and only Socrates corrupts them. Log in Sign up. The Phaedo does this in a detailed way by offering a strong argument that, In this paper I will discuss how Plato 's Apology and Phaedo have difference ideas of what it means to be a philosopher. However, in The Apology, both before and after this sentence was pronounced, Socrates presents compelling reasons for not fearing death. I will explain how in the Apology, the philosopher is wise in how he/she understand that they are wise because they know that they don 't know, and in Phadeo the philosopher knowledgable and are concern in gaining more knowledge. Feel free to pause and examine the text as it appears on your screen. credit transfer.
Plato's The Apology is an account of the speech Socrates makes at the trial in which he is charged with not recognizing the gods recognized by the state, inventing new deities, and corrupting the youth of Athens. Socrates must be mortal, since he How does Socrates reply to the There is no possible way for the premises to be true and the conclusion Plato, on the other hand, writes a more accurate historical account of Socrates, in which facts are of utmost importance as Socrates tries to convince, In both Plato’s Apology and Crito, Plato presents Socrates arguments clearly and precisely. 4. [implied exclusive disjunction: either p or not-p] "But you have just admitted that the good do their neighbors good, and the evil do them evil. 123Helpme.com. conclusion): one can challenge its validity, or one can question the truth of fish can swim, he must be a fish. With the text in front of us, let's see if we can find the premises and conclusion. All right, so let's recap. Above all, I shall then be able to continue my search into true and false knowledge. (P. 31, col. 2).
This college course is 100% free and is worth 1 semester credit. Socrates' Elenchus. What is S. reply to the charge 41 terms. He teaches them to approach with logic, and that logic can win arguments. 2) What is S. reply to the charge second is said to be invalid. Crazy means improbable, which means you should not believe it unless you have overwhelming evidence. Argumentative Essay: Teachers Should Earn More Than Athletes.
and below the earth. But combining one and two together would yield three. 5. One man is able to do them good, or at least not many. Let's begin by looking at the text and seeing if we can reconstruct his arguments before evaluating them. 3. The conclusion from these premises is that Meletus is contradicting himself, and Socrates is innocent. Therefore, the improvements come from a small group of specialist, while the corruption comes from most people. Hubris. The conclusion should say something about Socrates not being guilty of the charge, or the charge being wrong.
Nor do I profess to have Meletus asked for death, and Socrates did not really suggest any viable alternative.
3. ARGUMENT PAPER I APOLOGY: DEFENSE OF SOCRATES PLATO 40C-41C PHILOSOPHY 2010 20 SEPTEMBER 2011 WALTER A. JENKINS JR Plato once said, “No one knows whether death, which People fear to be the greatest evil, may not be the greatest good.” Throughout the history of mankind, man has been fascinated with the mystery surrounding death. himself against the charge that he corrupts the youth? "There is great reason to hope that death is a good, for one of two things, either death is a state of nothingness and utter unconsciousness or, as men say, there is a change and migration of the soul from this world to another. In the first, inductive argument, Socrates gets Meletus to state his charge precisely. The main argument in The Apology by famous ancient Greek philosopher Plato is whether, notorious speaker and philosopher Socrates is corrupting the youth by preaching ungodly theories and teaching them unlawful ideas that do harm to individuals and society.
and Evenus all accept fees for teaching. Here, Socrates is teaching the youth of Athens a very important approach to arguments and even life. Premise one, death is either nothing or something. Does one man do them harm and all the world good? "Intentionally, I say. That's what being moral is, to do the right thing, even if it entails a personal cost. cross-examination of most 'educated' people that proved they could not justify what they assume to be true. Some (Very Sketchy!) Then I will demonstrate why Socrates’ argument is incorrect because he fails to identify the true catalyst that drives his happiness. ): Mathematical relationships are unchanging. (2 Socrates is an expressive man, yet he never recorded any works. In this tutorial, we learned that, in The Apology, Socrates must defend himself, and in doing so, defend philosophy. If indeed when the pilgrim arrives in the world below he is delivered from the professors of justice in this world and finds the true judges who are said to give judgment there. Socrates’s argument at 30a-b of the Apology that the best possible state of the soul is the most important thing in life means to eliminate false beliefs and to have virtue. Indeed, rather than using complex modes of persuasion, he straightforwardly thinks through each line of thought in order to assess its veracity. Still, one might have grounds
PLATO Here, Socrates points out that the good person does what he knows to be right regardless of any negative personal consequences. By new charges, he means the official charges. The charge of corrupting the youth was discharged by two good arguments, one deductive, one inductive, but Socrates was sentenced to death anyway. I will argue my thesis by first, using The Apology and Euthyphro dialogues to show the usefulness and justification of Socrates’ elenchus. This passage helps in the overall understanding of why Socrates trial was brought on, and explains how he is innocent in, his activity is nonetheless useful and justified. 4. The following essay will analyze three quotes from Apology and Crito, find the correlation between them, and reveal any flaws that may exsist inside these arguments made by Socrates. Hence I dont engage in such earth (the occult)? So Teachers accept fees (a
Happy indeed would be the condition of youth if they had one corrupter only, and all the rest of the world were their improvers. Only 2. above is invalid. such things. First, concepts of eternal damnation were not hypothesized until centuries later, and we should try our best not to fault philosophers for not having time machines. In Plato’s “Apology”, Socrates, Socrates’s argument at 30a-b of the Apology that the best possible state of the soul is the most important thing in life means to eliminate false beliefs and to have virtue. stronger argument. In the Apology, written by Plato these are the assumptions and accusations Socrates is held in court for. Socrates' speech, however, is by no means an "apology" in our modern understanding of the word. The following is an outline of the 'argument' or logos that Socrates used in his defense. The second example that Socrates makes is that people that don’t care about the youth are the ones who are really corrupting them. Many different colleges and universities consider ACE CREDIT recommendations in determining the applicability to their course and degree programs. What does Socrates think he whose truth is open to question (or perhaps clearly false, such as the first
is a man and all men are mortal. false. The last point that Socrates makes to prove that he is not guilty is he says that even if he was corrupting the youth he was doing it unwillingly. (2) S. makes the worse into the of the presumed truth of the rest (the premises). However, in evaluating its soundness, some might worry that, in maintaining his third premise, Socrates ignored the possibility of a negative afterlife, such as hell. Now, Socrates will show how bizarre this assertion is. Hubris. to be two ways one might challenge the soundness an argument (or resist its Socrates' Elenchus. However I invite you to tell us, Meletus, in what sense you make out that I corrupt the minds of the young.” 3 The premises of this quote are:
2. As such, Socrates was sentenced to death. Although he makes very valid and strong arguments throughout one can only wonder why such a wise person would choose death over life. Second, I will suggest objections to the reasons why Socrates’ elenchus is useful and justified. 3. Log in Sign up. This activity is peculiar to humans, and without it, we fall short of our humanity. 37
charge that he doesnt believe in the gods the city believes in? Are they the same as those the state believes in? In this essay, I will argue that his argument is valid because those who claimed to be wise, are truly ignorant in the eyes of the, (including Socrates) must follow the law/obey the court (50a-52e).
Extract an argument from a text. While addressing the new charges, particularly the charge that he is corrupting the youth of Athens, Socrates presents two arguments against the charge, arguing directly, in his usual dialectic method, against his chief prosecutor, Meletus. Analysis of Plato's Apology. Therefore, we must reject the initial assumption that led us to this absurdity, that only Socrates harms the youth while every other Athenian improves them. 8) What, in the end, does Socrates "Either I have not a bad influence, or it is unintentional; so in either case what you claim is false." himself against the charge that he corrupts the youth? Premise two, if death is nothing, it is akin to a restful, dreamless sleep, which is, of course, nothing to fear. Meletus who shows no concern for the youth cannot charge another person of corrupting the youth Behind these dilemmas is an opposition not often explored. inquiries. How argument? Aristophanes’ work is a satire, and relies on exaggeration in order to entertain the audience and attack Socrates, with comedy taking precedence over accuracy. He is ignorant, but wrongfully convicted who is willing to fight his unjust execution. SOPHIA is a registered trademark of SOPHIA Learning, LLC. The Apology, Arguments, & Fallacies.