Actually, Joseph Smith wrote in support of this theory. This creates for archaeology a natural and unavoidable imbalance in understanding more about civilizations with the epigraphic habit, and much less about civilizations without the epigraphic habit. It leads to superstition, because no amount of science can prove without reasonable doubt that a historical object is what it purports to be. Joseph Smith remarked of his vision of God: “his countenance truly like lightning.”. [9][10], The Book of Mormon mentions several animals, plants, and technologies for which there is no evidence in pre-Columbian America. Rather than discuss Nephite evidences, which would actually be an interesting discussion, we shift the narrative from faith to binary science, and quickly move on. We appeal to “science” and deconstruct our ‘outdated’ Mormon belief. Copyright © 1997-2020 by The Foundation for Apologetic Information and Research, Inc. All Rights Reserved. It shifts us away from faith, because a person who relies on superstition is not practicing personal agency, but being total reliant on others for his beliefs and actions. Suddenly, everything in the Book of Mormon conflicts with what science says. Skeptics discount the long list of correlations between Native Americans and Book of Mormon peoples, because archaeologists have not discovered absolute concrete evidence. “Mormonism is truth; and every man who embraces it feels himself at liberty to embrace every truth: consequently the shackles of superstition, bigotry, ignorance, and priestcraft, fall at once from his neck; and his eyes are opened to see the truth, and truth greatly prevails over priestcraft. Anachronisms? That’s the problem. DNA disproves? The dominant and widely accepted view among Latter Day Saints is that the Book of Mormon is a true and accurate account of these ancient American civilizations whose religious history it documents. In contrast, we find for the Bible not only scores of epigraphic records identifying ancient Mediterranean cities, but we also sometimes find a “continuity of culture” that preserves city names. [3], North American Indians are generally considered the genetic descendants of East Eurasian peoples. 3 Hamblin citing Joyce Marcus, Mesoamerican Writing Systems (Princeton, New Jersey: Princeton University Press, 1992), 212-220 and Linda Schele and David Freidel, A Forest of Kings (New York: William Marrow & Company, 1990), 440, n28. People are much more likely to end up with this narrative because they connected the dots out on their own. What would a Christian pot look like? The Mayans also used this kind of imagery: Bearded Men – Native art often shows bearded men, such as in the famous Izapa Stela 5 and the Olmec god Xolotl. These include asses, cattle, horses,[11] oxen, sheep, swine, goats, elephants,[12] wheat,[13] barley,[14][15][16][17] figs,[18] silk,[19] steel,[20] brass, breast plates, chains, iron working,[i] plows, swords, scimitars, and chariots. Despite the identification of some biblical sites, many important Bible locations have not been identified. Overview of historical claims of the Book of Mormon, Smithsonian Institution statement on the Book of Mormon. Therefore, as things stand at the moment, current New World archaeological evidence tends to verify the claims made by the Book of Mormon.20. A reasonable question for those suggesting that there is no archaeological evidence for the Book of Mormon would be “What archaeological evidence might be considered the minimal irrefutable proof needed to convince a non-believing world of the authenticity of the Nephite scripture?”, Some people might suggest that finding the existence of horses or chariots would constitute proof for the Book of Mormon. Not one, but three ancient altars inscribed with the same three Semitic consonants of the place-name, Nahom, as mentioned in 1 Nephi 16:34. Earlier, in Alma 1, an apostate named Nehor was put to death for murder at the top of of a mountain “between heaven and earth.” The Mayan World Tree was thought to lie between heaven and earth as well, as was the passage for a person to the afterlife. The fact that a valid model exists means that there must be evidence for it. So we went from 13 things that haven’t been found to nothing has been found! The Book of Mormon compares the tree with Mary, the mother of Jesus as well as with Jesus. According to Smith, these characters were from the golden plates (the ancient record from which Smith claims to have translated the Book of Mormon) and represent the reformed Egyptian writing that was on the plates. and the place where they left their ships Ancient Baptism By Immersion – Scripture in the Church of Jesus Christ specifies that ancient baptism was performed by immersion in ancient America and the Middle East. We found a great number of books in these letters”, “Although the highland Maya have lived in this area for more than two thousand years, the Popol Vuh suggests that they came to be dominated by a militaristic group of relative newcomers, led by the Cavec-Quiché lineage, who claimed to have come from somewhere in the East where the sun rises… In the preamble to the Popol Vuh, its Quiché authors wrote that the contents were based on an ancient book from across the sea. I had sincerely hoped that Book-of-Mormon cities would be positively identified within 10 years—and time has proved me wrong in my anticipation. Methodologically speaking, does the absence of archaeologically discovered written records demonstrate that a certain kingdom does not exist? First, unlike the biblical lands where many toponyms survived due to a continuity of culture, there is no reason to assume that Maya languages and Nephite languages were related. Come on a Book of Mormon Tour and see the archaeological discoveries of the Nephites and Jaredites. Why would they point out LDS archaeologists say it took place in Central America if there isn’t valid evidence for this? Any time they compare them to mesoamerican beliefs, it is all void as Mormonism started well after information about these people was available. Book of Mormon readers are well aware of a tribal group who claimed to descend from a son of King Zedekiah named Mulek. The Book of Mormon describes both within the time frame in accordance with the Law of Moses. Additionally, scholars are uncertain as to the pronunciation of Mesoamerican cities for which they do have names because city-inscriptions are often iconographic, and not all scholars are in agreement that such icons represent city names. As LDS scholars have attested, time has not diminished the Book of Mormon’s relevance. B. H. Roberts wrote a letter in 1932 citing a few sources for cement work that pre-dated the Book of Mormon’s publication, but this information was highly obscure until the middle of the 20th century. We have the names of almost none of the Classic Mayan and Olmec cities of two millennia ago, which is why they are known today under Spanish titles.”12 Archaeologists simply don’t know what many of the original names for these Mayan cities were. Native American languages have similar grammar to Hebrew. A) The Book of Mormon claims that the ancient inhabitants spoke and wrote in “Reformed Egyptian” and Hebrew. Was Plato’s Allegory Of The Cave Derived From Abraham? Another group came much earlier, when God confounded the tongues at the Tower of Babel; that group is known as the Jaredites. ), However, we have a nasty problem known as the “epigraphic habit.” Many ancient peoples wrote, but wrote on perishable materials which are destroyed over the course of centuries, or survive only under very specific environmental conditions. Also, to remind us all—members and non-members, layman and scholars—that our most valuable attribute with regard to this research may be patience. He “returned to the world of the living” after he had “dwelled four days in the land of the dead,” now “enthroned as Lord.” He appeared to the Mesoamerican people en masse and brought great learning, and promised that one day he would “return to his people at a future date.” He was fair skinned and had a beard. Although the Book of Mormon makes no overt assertions regarding the migration or non-migration of other groups to America, an introductory paragraph added to the 1981 edition identifies the Lamanites as the "principal ancestors of the American Indians. It was a relatively tiny tribe of Natives (not in the millions), and there is no reason why any unique smoking-gun piece of evidence should remain after their extinction. Brant Gardner, “A Social History of the Early Nephites,” FAIR Conference presentation (August 2001); available at http://www.fairlds.org/FAIR_Conferences/2001_Social_History_of_the_Early_Nephites.html, William J. Hamblin, “Basic Methodological Problems with the Anti-Mormon Approach to the Geography and Archaeology of the Book of Mormon,” Journal of Book of Mormon Studies 2, no.

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+ How we made $200K with 4M downloads.

How we made $200K with 4M downloads.