[177], On July 12, with Apollo 11 still on the launch pad, Hornet departed Pearl Harbor for the recovery area in the central Pacific,[178] in the vicinity of 10°36′N 172°24′E / 10.600°N 172.400°E / 10.600; 172.400. The command module Columbia went on a tour of the United States, visiting 49 state capitals, the District of Columbia, and Anchorage, Alaska. [68], An illustrator at the Manned Spacecraft Center (MSC) did the artwork, which was then sent off to NASA officials for approval. Armstrong, Aldrin et Collins sont cul par-dessus tête. The location is uncertain because Eagle ascent stage was not tracked after it was jettisoned, and the lunar gravity field is sufficiently non-uniform to make the orbit of the spacecraft unpredictable after a short time. [148] Twelve minutes after the sample was collected,[143] he removed the TV camera from the MESA and made a panoramic sweep, then mounted it on a tripod. The Apollo 11 landing is referenced in the songs "Armstrong, Aldrin and Collins" by The Byrds on the 1969 album Ballad of Easy Rider and "Coon on the Moon" by Howlin' Wolf on the 1973 album The Back Door Wolf. They argued that the first person to walk on the Moon should be like Charles Lindbergh, a calm and quiet person. [92] Slayton told Armstrong the plan was to have him leave the spacecraft first, if he agreed. [160], Presidential speech writer William Safire had prepared an In Event of Moon Disaster announcement for Nixon to read in the event the Apollo 11 astronauts were stranded on the Moon. In his autobiography he wrote: "this venture has been structured for three men, and I consider my third to be as necessary as either of the other two". They presented two US flags, one to the House of Representatives and the other to the Senate, that they had carried with them to the surface of the Moon. On July 13, three days before Apollo 11's launch, the Soviet Union launched Luna 15, which reached lunar orbit before Apollo 11. [102][3], First crewed space mission to land on the Moon, This article is about the 1969 crewed lunar mission. Armstrong in particular was notoriously aloof, but Collins, who considered himself a loner, confessed to rebuffing Aldrin's attempts to create a more personal relationship. When NASA’s first fatal spacecraft accident occurred 50 years ago, it happened not in deep space but right on the launch pad. [236], In March 2012 a team of specialists financed by Amazon founder Jeff Bezos located the F-1 engines from the S-IC stage that launched Apollo 11 into space. [168], One of Collins' first tasks was to identify the lunar module on the ground. If the computer hadn't recognized this problem and taken recovery action, I doubt if Apollo 11 would have been the successful Moon landing it was. Houston les a réveillés assez tôt. The Apollo 1 fire was a crushing blow to the programme and the impact of the loss of the crew was unimaginable. "[12] Aldrin joined him on the surface and tested methods for moving around, including two-footed kangaroo hops. The countdown became automated at three minutes and twenty seconds before launch time. If it became too cold, parts of Columbia might freeze. [133], Preparations for Neil Armstrong and Buzz Aldrin to walk on the Moon began at 23:43. Scientific value was not a consideration.[82]. The pure oxygen mix utilised in the cabin was also identified as a major safety risk and one of the primary contributors to the ultimate death of the crew. Ralph Abernathy, leading a protest march, was so captivated by the spectacle of the Apollo 11 launch that he forgot what he was going to say. [7], Eagle landed at 20:17:40 UTC on Sunday July 20 with 216 pounds (98 kg) of usable fuel remaining. Aldrin was an elder at the Webster Presbyterian Church, and his communion kit was prepared by the pastor of the church, Dean Woodruff. Attempting to stem interdepartmental conflict, Slayton told Aldrin that Armstrong would be first since he was the commander. In preparation for the launch, the crew began training with the spacecraft at North American Aviation. [267][268], Aldrin, Collins, and Armstrong's sons were hosted by President Donald Trump in the Oval Office. [182][183], This altered the flight plan. After Aldrin and Armstrong completed their EVA, Collins slept so he could be rested for the rendezvous. Seconds later shouts of “Fire” began to ring out followed quickly by an explosion. [240], The main repository for the Apollo Moon rocks is the Lunar Sample Laboratory Facility at the Lyndon B. Johnson Space Center in Houston, Texas. It was revealed in 1989 that the Soviets had tried to send people to the Moon, but were unable due to technological difficulties. [225] It was in the central Milestones of Flight exhibition hall in front of the Jefferson Drive entrance, sharing the main hall with other pioneering flight vehicles such as the Wright Flyer, Spirit of St. Louis, Bell X-1, North American X-15 and Friendship 7. Commander Neil Armstrong and lunar module pilot Buzz Aldrin formed the American crew that landed the Apollo Lunar Module Eagle on July 20, 1969, at 20:17 UTC. [167], During his day flying solo around the Moon, Collins never felt lonely. [176] On reaching Pearl Harbor on July 5, Hornet embarked the Sikorsky SH-3 Sea King helicopters of HS-4, a unit which specialized in recovery of Apollo spacecraft, specialized divers of UDT Detachment Apollo, a 35-man NASA recovery team, and about 120 media representatives. As they worked, the moonwalkers kicked up gray dust which soiled the outer part of their suits. [3] At 13.2 seconds into the flight, the launch vehicle began to roll into its flight azimuth of 72.058°. I just can't tell you how proud we all are of what you have done. Greg was later thanked by Armstrong. Ce n'est pas une question de correction de trajectoire, déjà accomplie. Full shutdown of the first-stage engines occurred about 2 minutes and 42 seconds into the mission, followed by separation of the S-IC and ignition of the S-II engines. [170], Eagle rendezvoused with Columbia at 21:24 UTC on July 21, and the two docked at 21:35. Apollo 11 was the spaceflight that first landed humans on the Moon. "When I consider the heavens, the work of Thy fingers, the Moon and the stars, which Thou hast ordained; What is man that Thou art mindful of him? Some large rocks jutted out of the dust cloud, and Armstrong focused on them during his descent so he could determine the spacecraft's speed. The astronauts arrived at the Lunar Receiving Laboratory at 10:00 UTC on July 28. The Nuffield Radio Astronomy Laboratories radio telescope in England recorded transmissions from Luna 15 during its descent, and these were released in July 2009 for the 40th anniversary of Apollo 11. Based on the normal crew rotation scheme, Armstrong was then expected to command Apollo 11. He described the view with the simple phrase: "Magnificent desolation. The astronauts then collected rock samples using scoops and tongs on extension handles. Special recovery equipment was also loaded, including a boilerplate command module used for training. [12], At the behest of the Nixon administration to add a reference to God, NASA included the vague date as a reason to include A.D., which stands for Anno Domini, "in the year of our Lord" (although it should have been placed before the year, not after). [213] Armstrong's words on the lunar surface also spun off various parodies.[211]. But two years prior to that momentous occasion, tragedy would strike the space program: a fire inside a capsule during a launch rehearsal, killing all three men …

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